Philippians 1:7-9


Philippians 1:7-9

  1. 7For it is only right for me to feel this way about you all, because I haveyou in my heart, since both in my imprisonment and in the defense and confirmation of the gospel, you all are partakers of grace with me.
    • I have you in my heart - again the close connection Paul has with this church is obvious
      • in my imprisonment - they sent Epaphroditis to minister to him Phili 2:25, 
      • they supported him financially
      • they helped him when he went before the courts to make defense of the gospel
    • "you all are partakers of grace” - These actions were evidence of grace at work in the lives of the people - and were a promise of future reward - a piece of Paul’s ministry was put on their ledger in heaven!
  2. 8For God is my witness, how I long for you all with the affection of Christ Jesus.
    • all the affection of Christ Jesus - literally the “bowels” or “inward parts" of Christ - The heart of Jesus for this church and these people had been put into Paul.  He carried the affections of Christ in his own heart!! OH Lord let this be my prayer!!! I want to love with YOUR love.
    • divine enablement to love supernaturally - yes Lord give me this grace!!
  3. 9And this I pray, that your love may abound still more and more in real knowledge and all discernment,
    • I love Paul’s prayers - He always prays for what is going on INSIDE his people. 
    • LOVE MAY ABOUND - this is love for Christ makes the most sense in this verse but love for Christ cannot stand alone.  It must be accompanied by love for men and Paul knew that so I think it is probably included.
      • The Word is agape - god’s own love poured into the human heart.
    • in real knowledge - epignosis - experiential knowledge - That we would KNOW God - that we would taste and smell and touch the living God and that experience of Him would birth fiery love in our hearts
    • Discernment - perception "which 'cuts through' hazy ethical (moral) matters to really 'size things up’ “ - this is the only place in scripture where this term is used
      • to know who God is without haziness
    • Love born of experience and marked by clarity


Philippians 1:1-6


Philippians 1:1-6

"Bishop Lightfoot observes: “The Epistle to the Philippians is not only the noblest reflection of Paul's personal character and spiritual illumination, his large sympathies, his womanly tenderness, his delicate courtesy, his frank independence, his entire devotion to the Master's service - but as a monument of the power of the Gospel it yields in importance to none of the apostolic writings.... To all ages of the Church - to our own especially - this epistle reads a great lesson. While we are expending our strength on theological definitions or ecclesiastical rules, it recalls us from these distractions to the very heart and center of the Gospel - the life of Christ and the life in Christ. Here is the meeting-point of all our differences, the healing of all our feuds, the true life alike of individuals and sects and churches; here doctrine and practice are wedded together; for here is the 'creed of creeds' involved in and arising out of the 'work of works.'” Vincent’s Word Studies commentary 

Written by Paul from Rome when he was in prison.  Approx 62AD 

Philipi was the place with the jail and the praise service earthquake which set Paul and Silas free. Acts 16

Phili 1

  1. Paul and Timothy - I love this. Timothy has risen through the ranks and now stands shoulder to shoulder with Paul - this is what mentoring is supposed to look like.
    • Servants of Christ - they are that.  Timothy was not an apostle. 
    • To all the saints at Philipi - the Capitol city of Macedonia - Paul always worked from influence outward to change a region.
      • “The church in Philippi was founded by Paul some eleven years before this letter, on his second missionary journey (Act 16:11-40). This was the first church established on the continent of Europe.”Guzik
    • To the overseers and deacons - he honors the structure of the church which must have been well established.
  2. Grace to you and Peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ
    • This greeting is so common.  So regular
    • Grace - a word including all those blessings that are applicable to Christians in common; denoting an ardent wish that all the mercies and favors of God for time and eternity, blended under the general name grace, may be conferred on them.
    • Peace - the state of freedom from war. As war conveys the idea of discord and numberless calamities and dangers, so peace is the opposite, and conveys the idea of concord, safety, and prosperity. Thus, to wish one peace was the same as to wish him all safety and prosperity
  3. I thank my God in every remembrance of you
    • wouldn’t it be nice if i felt that way about everybody I have ministered to!
    • This is the one church that Paul does not rebuke in scripture.  
  4. 4always offering prayer with joy in my every prayer for you all,
    • again his affection for the people of this church is obvious
    • prayer with joy - Paul often refers to praying for the churches that he planted.  Father teach me to pray for them as Paul did.
  5. 5in view of your participation in the gospel from the first day until now.
    • “participation” is "koinonia" or fellowship 
    • The Gospel creates community
    • the community the Gospel created at Phillipi made Paul joyful.  He loved the work of God among the people of this city
    • From the first until now - it began but it is not yet completed - see following verse
  6. 6[For I am] confident of this very thing, that He who began a goodwork in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.
    • confident - fully and firmly persuaded or convinced -  “the language of a man who has not doubt on the subject” Barnes
    • this church that Paul did not rebuke - Christ had not finished His work in them - He was working, and he will be faithful to complete it
    • God BEGAN the work in us - he is the originator and he is the worker.
    • God is working in us.  He has not stopped working and he will continue until it reaches its end. 
    • There is an end.  "The Image of the Son of God”  That’s the end!
    • “There shall be nothing lacking on God’s part to support you; and to make you wise, holy and happy; and bring you at last to his kingdom and glory” Clarke


IMC Bible Study Romans 8:10-17

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IMC Bible Study Romans 8:10-17

10If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11But ifthe Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.

  • This is the resurrection bomb I talked about before
  • The Spirit has been made alive and that influence of the Holy Spirit moves OUTWARD from our spirits eventually to our bodies
    • this includes good works and the fruit of the Spirit.

12So then, brethren, we are under obligation, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh--13for if you are living according to the flesh, you must die; but if by the Spirit you are putting to death the deeds of the body, you will live.

  • We are under obligation - we are debtors - 
    • Jesus died for us to give us this opportunity how dare we not choose to live by the gift He has given!
    • We are debtors COMPELLED to live by the Spirit of God - to rest in Him to LEAN INTO HIM!
    • Eph 4:30 "Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.”
    • Do you seek an active relationship with the Holy Spirit?
      • Do you speak to Him?
      • Do you involve Him in your every day?
    • Gal 5:25 "If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit.”
    • We ARE A PEOPLE Of the SPIRIT OF GOD!!!!
    • My Benny Hinn - “Anointing” experience 

 14For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, theseare sons of God. 

  • This is an incredibly massive point
  • Jesus was led by the Spirit
    • Into the desert - Matt 4:1
    • I do nothing of myself John 8

15For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, "Abba! Father!" 16The SpiritHimself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God,

  • This whole passage is incredibly powerful
    • Where the Spirit of the Lord is there is FREEDOM - 2 For 3:17
    • These are where the song comes from - I’m no longer a slave to fear - I am a child of God Gal 4:7
      • This is where the song comes from - "I’m no longer a slave to fear - I am a child of God"
    • Specifically here because we have been welcomed into the house of God - but not as slaves - AS SONS who have full and free access to all that belongs to Father 
  • “leading to fear” Slaves live in fear of their masters - 
    • this is not a relationship built on fear of punishment!!!! - soak that IN!!!!
    • This is a relationship based on God’s love FOR US!  His desire to give us all he has
      • Jesus said it in Luke 12:32 - "Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen gladly to give you the kingdom."
    • 1 John 4:18 - Perfect LOVE casts out fear
  • You have received a spirit of Adoption - The HOLY SPIRIT IS the SPIRIT OF ADOPTION
    • Pastor Don Gifford talks about when His grandkids were adopted
    • We have been declared a member of the family
  • By which we cry ABBA!!!!
    • The most infantile cry of DADA!!!  
    • The HOLY SPIRIT is the originator of the cry of ABBA in our hearts!  
      • Lean into the cry of ABBA - that is where the Holy Spirit is most at work within us!
    • the voice of the Holy Spirit signing over you day in an day out! - you are HIS!
    • YOU ARE LIKE HIM!!!!
    • GO to that place in your heart where God’s voice is singing over you about your SONSHIP that is the place you will find the Holy Spirit
    • the voice of the Spirit NEVER accuses - He never makes us think we are not God’s sons, He is singing the song of Sonship over us.

 17and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with [Him] so that we may also be glorifiedwith [Him].

  • Heirs - we inherit.
  • All God has is ours
  • We will suffer with Christ - we will also be glorified!


18For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 

  • Some of life is going to really suck! - understand that! - Some of Christ Suffering we are meant to share!
    • Death to the flesh is not painless or comfortable
    • being conformed to the image of the Son is not a quick or easy process but it is SO WORTH IT
    • The amount of suffering each of us is called to share and the form it will take differs from person to person
  • That pain and that difficulty is just so NOTHING when we hold it up against the glory that we will see revealed THROUGH US
    • there is a glory - talked about in the future verses - that will be revealed THROUGH US - by the work of God through Jesus and the power of the Holy Spirit in the church
    • God has put this glory into the believer right now. In heaven the glory will simply be revealed. "The glory will be revealed, not created. The implication is that it is already existent, but not apparent." (Morris)
    • Eph 3:10 "so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places."

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End of Romans 7 into Romans 8

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End of Romans 7 into Romans 8

14For we know that the Law is spiritual, but I am of flesh, sold into bondage to sin.

  • From here on out we run into controversy
  • I tend to believe this is a portion scripture in which Paul takes on the voice of a Jew before the Gospel and then in chapter 8 we see the power of the Gospel
  • Others like to teach that this is a description of the struggle of a person against their sinful nature.
  • I do not think you can read these next few verses and then the first few verses of Romans 8 and believe they were written by the same man.  
  • He begins this in verse 13 when he says “sin in order that it might be proved sinful etc”  Now he walks out that metaphor 

 15For what I am doing, I do not understand; for I am not practicing what I [would] like to [do], but I am doing the verything I hate. 16But if I do the very thing I do not want [to do], I agree with the Law, [confessing] that the Law is good. 17So now, no longer am I the one doing it, but sin which dwells in me. 18For I knowthat nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of the good [is] not. 19For the good that I want, I do not do, but I practice the very evil that I do not want.20But if I am doing the very thing I do not want, I am no longer the one doing it, but sin which dwellsin me.

  • The sin that dwelt in him was the one turning the law against him - He wanted to obey but could not  The law was no help.

21I find then the principle that evil is present in me, the one who wants to do good. 22For I joyfully concur with the law of God in the inner man, 23but I see a different law in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin which is in my members. 24Wretched man that I am! Who will set me free from the body of this death?


( 25Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! he breaks character here to answer the qeustion of his old self) So then, on the one hand I myself with my mind am serving the law of God, but on the other, with my flesh the law of sin.


  • This was his helpless state before the Gospel - now lets talk about what the Gospel WILL DO FOR HIM!!!

Chapter 8

Deliverance from Bondage

1Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. 

  • There is NOW no condemnation - the last part of chapter 7 was in the PAST this a description of Paul’s life NOW
  • Condemnation - to be condemned means destined for destruction - you are no longer condemned!!!

2For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death.

  • The “law” is in reference to a “system” a process.
  • We no longer labor under the inability of the old law / way / dispensation…(Greek - to parcel out - mode of operation) like law of gravity
  • The law(mode of operation) of the Spirit of life - the Holy Spirit!  The movement and power of the Holy Spirit Himself has set us free!  Never depersonalize this verse.  Never make it like the law of gravity - just some force at work in us NO this is the personal omnipotent God at work in us to set us free.

 3For what the Lawcould not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God [did]: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and [as an offering] for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh, 4so that the requirementof the Law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.

  • He set it up so that the law was confined to the flesh - we being joined with Jesus in death and resurrection are no longer "according to the flesh” we are a people “according to the Spirit” so the law has no power over us any more
  • The Law could not bend or change or help
  • So God did what the Law could never do - Jesus “passed the bar" fulfilled the requirements and took us with Him via the Spirit

 5For those who are according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who are according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. 6For the mind set on the flesh is death, but the mind set on the Spirit is life and peace,

  • those who are according to the flesh can only think fleshly thoughts - they are trapped in the old with no ability to even think like the one led by the Spirit - 
  • their mind is SET the word “set”is not there.  It says "the mind that is flesh” and “the mind that is Spirit”
  • This is revisited in Romans 12:2 when He says - "BE transformed by the renewing of you mind”
  • Mind set on the flesh is DEATH - it has no life in it and cannot have life because of the law
  • Mindset of the Spirit is LIFE AND PEACE
    • St Augustine "You have made us for yourself, O Lord, and our heart is restless until it rests in you.”

 7because the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able [to do so], 8and those who are in the flesh cannot please God.

  • Heb 11:6 - And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him.
  • They cannot please God because they are still connected to the old system.

9However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. 

  • We are filled with the Holy Spirit
  • It is by His power we overcome the law
  • If the Holy Spirit is not active and powerful inside of us then we are not saved.

10If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11But ifthe Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.

  • This is the resurrection bomb I talked about before
  • The Spirit has been made alive and that influence of the Holy Spirit moves OUTWARD from our spirits eventually to our bodies
    • this includes good works and the fruit of the Spirit.

1 Comment

IMC Bible Study End of Romans 5


IMC Bible Study End of Romans 5

12Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned-- 13for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.14Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.


  • Paul is trying to get to talk about how this free gift of salvation IS but he bumps the opposite real quick
  • Sin entered the world through Adam - and because of Sin DEATH also entered the world - and it infected the entire human race!  The brokenness spread from Adam and touch every other man until the NEW ADAM came.
  • Jesus HAD to be Human to save us - but he also had to be another “son of God” just as Adam was because he was to serve as the NEW Adam - the beginner of a restored race!
  • Sin may not have been known in the specific but its influence (through death) was still being seen in all the human race


15But the free gift is not like the transgression For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much moredid the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.


  • The sin that was brought into the world and the Gospel are NOT mirror opposites of one another.  The stand opposed but they are different
  • Adam’s sin brought death for all men
  • Jesus GIFT brings MUCH MORE than just a cancellation of that sin


 16The gift is not like [that which came] through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment [arose] from one[transgression] resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift [arose] from many transgressions resulting in justification.


  • the sin of Adam was a singular sin
  • Jesus death on the cross eliminates BILLIONS OF SINS over BILLIONS of lives!


 17For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more thosewho receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, JesusChrist.


  • Sin and death reigned because of Adam’s sin
  • Because of Jesus Cross - righteousness will Reign
    • death is an ending a finality
    • righteousness is life and life more abundant!


18So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. 19For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. 20The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,21so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through JesusChrist our Lord.



IMC Romans 5:2-3

 2throughwhom also we have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand; and we exult in hope of the glory of God.

  • Jesus introduced us by faith into grace - IN WHICH WE NOW STAND
    • Grace is not the beginning of the Christian walk - Grace is all of it - every day - every moment is grace flowing from God into us -  
    • Grace is:
      • not a “free pass” so we aren’t punished when we are bad
      • Grace is any and every gift that comes from God
        • Not only can we not be saved by our works but we cannot recieve ANY of God’s gifts through works
        • God is not impressed with our attempts at DOING righteousness on our own
        • We must BE righteous as we receive it from Him every moment by grace
        • His gifts transform our inward parts - they change our appetites and our desires
      • The only way we can defeat the power of sin is Grace
      • Justification made us “just as if we never sinned” - and God’s grace continues forward it is our victory
        • we receive God’s nature as a gift by grace through faith
      • Access into the FAVOR of God
        • We have done more than escape punishment - we have obtained FAVOR
        • WE STAND as the FAVORITE of God - he really likes us - he seeks to do us good - he is eager and excited about giving us good gifts
      • BY FAITH - this is the only way to access God’s grace - we have to believe He exists and rewards those who earnestly seek Him - you have to believe and not doubt that God likes you - and is actively seeking your joy
        • God is employing all of his omnipotent strength in the past present and future to lead you into enjoying Him to the fullest and more and more forever - His Glory - Your Joy
      • AND BEYOND - Exult in the hope of His glory - We are being glorified - Transformed into his image as carriers of the glory of God.  The Lord has called us to REFLECT His beauty forever as the redeemed ones and the BRIDE of Christ.

 3And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings aboutperseverance; 4and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope; 5and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was givento us.

  • We exult in our tribulations - our troubles are NEVER about punishment
    • God punished our sin completely on Jesus cross and there is no punishment left for them
    • Now we are a people of the good news - even “bad news” is good news for us - because we have peace with God
    • He is now USING our pain and trial - even that which is a direct consequence of incorrect action by us - to lead us deeper into Himself - to teach us to receive grace and to trust Him


More Discussion and Romans 5:1


More Discussion and Romans 5:1

1Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,

  • This is unbelievably massive reality
  • God cannot abide sin - it is the cancer of the universe - 
    • God’s DNA which fills the universe now corrupted because of Sin - anything that Sin touches devalues the glory of God which is the purpose for which the universe was created
    • Sin is the anti-creation
  • I am a creator of sin - I have been my whole life - infested with it -  a carrier
    • Therefore God had set his wrath upon me
    • He loved me no question - but his wrath was set upon me because of my sin
  • NOW - I have been justified - made just as if I had never sinned - declared righteous by faith - 
    • I have peace with God - his wrath is not longer set upon me




Romans 4


Romans 4

Justification by Faith Evidenced in Old Testament

1What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found?


  • this is Paul’s master stroke - 
    • first he connects Jews and gentiles through sin
    • NOW he connects them via Faith
    • He goes back to Abraham the Father of all the Jews and reveal him to be a man of Faith not works


 2For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.


  • No part of salvation can glorify man. It has to be God that does it all
    • so that God can receive the Glory
    • So that no man can say he is above any other




  • Genesis 15:6
    • “Fear not Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be very great”.  I love the way God works Abram in this moment.  He uses his promise to stir Abram to request.  God want’s Abram to ask for a son.  God wants to give Abram a son.  God has already indirectly promised Abram he would have children, but he doesn’t come out directly and tell him that children were coming.  I believe this was another test of Abram’s knowledge of God’s character.  “Will Abram be bold enough and have enough faith to ask me for this?  Does Abram know me to be that generous?”  Abram was bold enough to ask and WOW did God respond!  “Look toward heaven and number the stars, if you are able to number them.”  then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be”. And he believed the Lord and he counted it to him as righteousness.”  (Gen 15:5-6)
      It was in this moment that Abram was counted righteous.  Faith rose up in Abram’s heart in response to the promise of God and grace was released.  Grace that changed the course of human history.  God and Abram then go through a ritual of covenant sacrifice that binds Abram and God together in this purpose.  Abram is given a vision of the captivity of his offspring in Egypt and God’s promise that they will be delivered.  This one moment of faith unleashed a promise of children, a promise of an inheritance of the land, a moment of prophetic revelation, and the deliverance of his offspring 400 years in the future.  Moses was called forth as a deliverer here in this moment of agreement with and faith in the promise of God.  Abram looked into the heart of Father God.  He saw the promise, he believed it, and out of this moment he and all his generations and eventually all of the families on the earth received it.
      How many promises are hidden in the heart of Abba that we have not loved Him enough or known Him enough to see?  How many things are kept in his generous heart because we have not looked past our insecurities and our failures and into his gracious and loving soul and believed that He just might be better than we thought he was? 
  • John 6:29 - Jesus answered and said to them, "This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He has sent."


 4Now to the one who works, his wage is not credited as a favor, but as what is due.


  • If you have earned your salvation -YOU receive the Glory - it is your due


 5But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness, 


  • to the one WHO DOES NOT WORK
  • but believes
  • in Him who justifies the ungodly - Our beautiful savior - the justifier of the ungodly
    • We put our trust in Him
    • We do not attempt to ADD anything
    • We simply receive His justification


6just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:




  • Check this - David Saw justification by faith 3000 years before Christ!  He saw that this was the way God was going to work
  • By FAITH
    • his lawless Deeds have been forgiven
    • his sins have been covered
    • the Lord will NOT take his sins into account


9Is this blessing then on the circumcised, or on the uncircumcised also? For we say, "FAITH WAS CREDITEDTO ABRAHAM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS." 10How then was it credited? While he was circumcised, oruncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised;


  • So IN Abraham the Jews and Greeks are made one
  • Here is a man who was not (yet) circumcised
  • Not a jew because there were no jews yet
  • Not saved by his works


 11and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them, 12and the fatherof circumcisionto thosewho not onlyare of the circumcision,but who alsofollowin the stepsof the faithof our fatherAbrahamwhich he had while uncircumcised.


  • Circumcision was a sign of what had already happened inside the man
  • God changed him first and the - “works” were simply a seal of the righteousness he had received as a gift
  • God did this in Abraham BEFORE he made the Hebrew Covenant so that the way could be made for both the children of Abraham AND any other who would have faith in God to save them in the future


13For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law,but through the righteousness of faith. 14For if those who are of the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified; 15for the Law brings about wrath, but where there is no law, there also is no violation.


  • It is either the law or faith it cannot be


16For this reason [it is] by faith, in order that [it may be] in accordance with grace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to all the descendants, not only to those who are of the Law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, 


  • This is what Jesus meant when he said “God can raise up descendants for Abraham from these stones
  • The descendants of Abraham are not only of His Blood - but of His Faith - men and women who carry the DNA of belief in a God who justifies the ungodly
    • So Abraham is our Father
    • Father Abraham had MANY sons - I am one of them and so are you!


17(as it is written, "A FATHER OF MANY NATIONS HAVE I MADE YOU") in the presence of Him whom he believed, [even] God, who gives life to the dead and calls into being that which does not exist.



 18In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become a father of many nations accordingto that which had been spoken, "SO SHALL YOUR DESCENDANTS BE.” 19Without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body, now as good as dead since he was about a hundred years old, and the deadness of Sarah's womb; 


  • He believed what God had said
  • Even though He looked at his own body and his wife’s and KNEW the truth that what God had promised was IMPOSSIBLE


20yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith,giving glory to God,


  • He did not waiver - He refused to doubt God’s promises


 21and being fully assured that what God had promised, He was able also to perform.


  • He trusted in the character and nature of God
  • If He SAID He would do it
    • then HE CAN
    • then HE WILL
  • This is the kind of person God can use to change the world!
    • William Carrey - “Expect great things from God. Attempt great things for God.”
      • He was the Father of the missionary movement that carries on to this day


22Therefore IT WAS ALSO CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS. 23Now not for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him, 24but for our sake also, to whom it will be credited, as those who believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25[He] who was delivered over because of our transgressions,and was raised because of our justification.


  • God began this in Abraham but it carries on to today - God put that in His word so we could follow Abraham’s example
  • This is a nice little couplet
    • He was given over for our transgressions and raised for our justification
    • He was punished and died because we were sinners - but he was raise from the Dead because he was the savior



Romans 3

1Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? 

2Greatin everyrespect.First of all,that they were entrustedwith the oraclesof God.

  • the Jewish people are God’s people - only the first of the beautiful things about what God has done for the Jewish people is that they are the ones He has chosen carry his revelation to mankind.  They were supposed to be His messengers
  • remember that is just point one - there is much more

 3What then? If some did not believe, their unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it?

  • The Jewish people did not do what God chose them to do - but that doesn’t mean God’s plan failed or that God’s faithfulness is nullified

4May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man [be found] a liar, as it is written, "THAT YOU MAY BE JUSTIFIED IN YOUR WORDS, AND PREVAIL WHEN YOU ARE JUDGED.”

  • This needs to be thought of when people talk about the church and use it as an argument against the gospel
    • i. "Should any man say that the promise of God had failed toward him, let him examine his heart and his ways, and he will find that hehas departed out of that way in which alone God could, consistent with his holiness and truth, fulfill the promise." (Clarke)
    • The general consensus of opinion is nothing to a Christian. He believes God's word, and he thinks more of that than of the universal opinion of men (Spurgeon)
  • No amount of human hypocrisy can stop God’s plan
  • no amount of human failure can keep the Lord from doing what he has chosen to do.
    • He knew they would disobey
    • He has it figured out

5But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? The God who inflictswrath is not unrighteous, is He? (I am speaking in human terms.)

  • Here is another point in his argument - So if God knew they were going to be unrighteous and he used that to glorify himself how can he judge them for being unrighteous?
  • It all came out good right?
  • How can God be mad?
  • it’s not fair.

 6May it never be! For otherwise, how will Godjudge the world? 7But if through my lie the truth of God abounded to His glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner? 8And why not [say] (as we are slanderously reported and as some claim that we say), "Let us do evilthat good may come "? Their condemnation is just.

  • Evil cannot be justified by God’s use of that evil to glorify himself.  God will do what God will do but we are called to obediance and worship

9What then? Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have already charged that both Jews and Greeks are allunder sin;

  • Even those who use this justification are not worse than us.  No one is better than annoying else










19Now we know that whatever the Law says, it speaks to those who are under the Law, so that every mouth may be closed and all the world may become accountable to God; 20because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law [comes] the knowledge of sin.

  • THIS is what the Law does - it can ONLY Accuse man and glorify God.  That is all it was meant to do.
  • The Law accuses those who have heard it and are bound to it - but those who have not heard it and are not bound to it still stand accused.
  • The POINT is the law cannot save - that is the purpose of this WHOLE discussion

Justification by Faith

21But now apart from the Law [the] righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,

  • apart from the law - without the law’s help and not through the power of the law.
  • the law and the prophets do bear WITNESS to this righteousness but it does not depend upon them!

 22even [the] righteousness of God

  • The law is a mirror of the righteousness of God
  • The Gospel is an extension of the righteousness of God - it is the REAL thing that the Law can only testify to.  It is the true character and nature of Jesus.  The law only measures it and says it is real it is an imprint.
    • your fingerprint can tell us that you are you but your identity does not derive from you finger print

 through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe;

  • Faith in Jesus is the way we receive this righteousness
  • John 6:29 - Jesus answered and said to them, "This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He has sent."

for there is no distinction; 23for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

  • No one is righteous - not Jew or Greek - or anyone else but God everyone else has fallen short.

24being justified as a gift by His gracethrough the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;

  • The ONLY way to receive the righteousness of God is
    • as a gift - unearned
    • by his Grace - for FREE
    • through Jesus redemption

25whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith.

  • God DISPLAYED Jesus publicly to all the earth, to all of Heaven
  • Propitiation
    • The mercy seat of God - the place on the ark between the cherubim where the blood was placed once a year - we are allowed to come close to Him
    • Expiate - to ATONE - to make amends - to appease.  God’s anger was quenched - God’s wrath was ended - all that stood against us was removed from the record

 [This was] to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed overthe sins previously committed;

  • He was showing himself to be righteous in forgiving all those he had forgiven

 26for the demonstration, [I say], of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

  • God has made it possible for himself to be both JUST AND FORGIVING simultaneously
    • Just because Sin cannot go unpunished
    • Forgiving because He has punished his son and not us.

27Where then is boasting? It is excluded.

  • How can ANYONE boast when they did not earn their righteousness they only received it as a gift from God?
  • No one can glory in this righteousness but Jesus himself who paid the whole price!

 By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith.

 28For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law.

  • Justified by faith
  • declared righteous
  • Just as if I never sinned

 29Or is God [the God] of Jews only? Is He not [the God] of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faithand the uncircumcised through faith is one.

  • For all people - in the righteousness that come from faith we are made one.  There is no difference.
  • The ground is level at the foot of the cross
  • equally condemned so that we might be equally REDEEMED!!!

31Do we then nullify the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law.

  • This is the big question!
  • Does this mean the law means nothing?  NOPE
  • If Jesus had to die to appease the law then obviously God cares about it
  • You have been saved UNTO righteousness not unto nothing.
  • The Gospel EMPOWERS us to go BEYOND the law and live out of love which is far greater than the law
  • "'Twas for my sins my dearest Lord.

    Hung on the cursed tree.

    And groan'd away his dying life,

    For thee, my soul, for thee.

    "O how I hate those lusts of mine.

    That crucified my Lord;

    Those sins that pierc'd and nail'd his flesh.

    Fast to the fatal wood.

    "Yes, my Redeemer, they shall die,

    My heart hath so decreed;

    Nor will I spare the guilty things.

    That made my Saviour bleed." 


Romans 2:1-5


Romans 2:1-5

1Therefore you have no excuse, everyone of you who passes judgment, for in that which you judge another, you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things.

  • This portion of scripture is Paul doing something he will do a few times in this book.  He is talking to a fictional jewish person.  One who is NOT YET SAVED.  The principals are true regardless but it helps to know what he is up to.
  • There is no human who has better standing before God than another - OTHER THAN CHRIST
  • we have no place to think ourselves more righteous than anyone else.

 2And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls upon those who practicesuch things. 3But do you suppose this, O man, when you pass judgment on those who practice such things and do the same [yourself], that you will escape the judgment of God?

  • He is just preaching Jesus - Luke 6 and Matt 7
    • take the plank out of your own eye FIRST
    • lets remember that we are just as sinful as anyone we would pass judgement on.

 4Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and tolerance and patience,not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?

  • Whatever God HAS shown us has come from the glorious kindness of God - not from our own worth.
  • And God has been exercising that goodness toward us in order to guide us to repentance - to change who we are.  Not to reinforce our thoughts about how WORTHY we are!
  • You do not receive blessing based on your righteousness you receive it because of GODS kindness.

 5But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,

  • If we live under the kindness of God for so long and stay the SAME we are making our punishment worse and worse
  • let every ounce of grace God pours into our hearts turn us and cause us to change the way we think about ourselves and about God - repent


Romans 1:20 The Attributes of God


Romans 1:20 The Attributes of God

19because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. 


  • That which is known about God EVIDENT (manifest, visible) WITHIN THEM
    • Every human being knows about God - more in vs 20
    • “within them” something about our the stamp of God’s own nature upon the human race
  • God MADE it evident to them - God is a God who REVEALS Himself
    • The Naked God


20For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternalpower and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 


  • Creation is God’s self-expression - “what has been made” the greek word is “poiema” which is where we get our word “poem” 
    • invisible attributes
      • the things which are eternally true about God
      • those dimensions of character and personality that make God - God - Here is a list from “the Knowledge of the Holy"
        • The self existence of God - He is the "I AM"
        • The Self sufficiency of God - Psalm 50:12 “If I were hungry, I would not tell you, for the world and its fullness are mine."
        • The Eternality of God - He is outside of time - he is every when.
        • God’s infinitude - Everything God is He is that infinitely
        • The Immutability of God  - He does not change
        • The Divine Omniscience - he knows everything - about all times and places
        • The Wisdom of God - he understands everything - he knows HOW it all works
        • The Divine Transcendence - he is beyond everything - nothing compares with him
        • God’s Omnipresence - he is everywhere all the time
        • The Faithfulness of God - He is always like himself - he never forgets or goes back on a promise
        • The Goodness of God - He is always good
        • The Justice of God - he is always just - that is not the same thing as “fair"
        • The Mercy of God - He delights in NOT doling out judgment
        • The Grace of God - He loves to give to those who do not deserve and cannot earn
        • The Love of God - He is wildly passionate about YOU to all of His extremes
        • The Holiness of God - He is perfectly holy and utterly without sin
        • The sovereignty of God - He is in control of all things all the time
    • eternal power
    • divine nature
      • He is God and WE are not
      • consider the gap between the fruit fly and the Arch Angel - the gap between God and the Arch Angel is infinitely larger than that.
  • Understood through what has been made
    • creation makes these things clear to us
    • our OWN EXISTENCE makes these things clear to us
    • you were built with an internal compass pointing you back to God
    • The ONLY thing that keeps us from being just like God is our own stubborn choice to ignore who and what we are.




IMC Romans 1.15-20


IMC Romans 1.15-20

16For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes,to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17For in it [the] righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith;as it is written, "BUT THE RIGHTEOUS [man] SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.”

  • I am not ashamed of the Gospel
    • he suffered so much
    • he left his culture and all he held dear
    • the world HATES the Gospel - the Jews Hate the Gospel
    • 1 Cor 1:22-25 "22For Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, 23but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles, 24but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. 25For the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men."
      • to the Greek - foolishness - a CRUCIFIED GOD?????
      • to the Jew - a stumbling block - they have to give up their self-righteousness to gain God - like they tried to use a ladder to reach the first floor
  • For it is the power of God
    • The Gospel the good news IS the power of God!
    • It has everything in it to accomplish all God wants it to accomplish - this seemingly simple thing “Good News” CHANGES EVERYTHING
      • "mighty to the pulling down of strongholds," 2 Corinthians 10:4-5.
      •  Jeremiah 23:29, "Is not my word like as a fire? saith the Lord; and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces?”
      • Hebrews 4:12 "For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.”
      • The gospel is certainly news, but it is more than information; it has an inherent power. "The gospel is not advice to people, suggesting that they lift themselves. It is power. It lifts them up. Paul does not say that the gospel brings power, but that it is power, and God's power at that." (Morris)
      • It does not teach us how to live - it empowers us to live the way we were created to live
    • In THIS NEWS lies the power to defeat sin.  
      • to find forgivness
      • to live completely FREE
    • to be SAVED - saved from ourselves (not to SAVE OURSELVES) But to be saved - rescued - from the death that is at work in us destroying us stealing us from our creator and all the destiny he has for us.
    • We are saved UNTO eternal life - always getting better for ever and ever life
  • To everyone who believes
    • this is how we access and experience this power - belief
    • this is the ONLY WAY - faith  - we cannot earn the power of God for salvation - we must believe in what Jesus did.

Unbelief and Its Consequences

18For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,


  • The “wrath” of God - Do NOT forget who God is!
    • HIs wrath is not unloving - it is BORN of His love
    • His wrath is not unthinking or unhinged - God cannot “lose control” of himself
    • This is God’s righteous anger toward all that would steal his loved ones from Him
  • He is acting in opposition to unrighteousness that has manifest as suppression of the truth


 19because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. 


  • That which is known about God EVIDENT (manifest, visible) WITHIN THEM
    • Every human being knows about God - more in vs 20
    • “within them” something about our the stamp of God’s own nature upon the human race
  • God MADE it evident to them - God is a God who REVEALS Himself
    • The Naked God


Romans 1:7-15


Romans 1:7-15

7to all who are beloved of God in Rome, called [as] saints:

  • These were the ones to who he was writing the letter.  We cannot forget the context!
  • Called as saints - the word saints means - the set apart or consecrated ones - those God has chosen for Himself and set apart for only His use


 Grace to you and peace from God our Fatherand the Lord Jesus Christ.

  • Grace and Peace - the siamese twins of Paul’s letters.
  • This is a combined Greek and Jewish greeting
    • Grace - the Greek part of the greeting 
    • Peace - Shalom the jewish part
    • He knows his audience and he speaks in ways that they will find receivable and understandable 


8First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all,

  • Through Jesus Christ
    • Our relationship with God is WHOLY brought about through Jesus
    • worship
    • prayer
    • blessings etc All come to us through Jesus because we are IN Christ.
      • surrounded by him
      • filled with him

because your faith is being proclaimed throughoutthe whole world.

  • It must have been utterly shocking for the world that a small Jewish sect had taken root in the center of culture 

9For God, whom I serve in my spirit in the [preaching of the] gospel of His Son, is my witness [as to] how unceasingly I make mention of you, 10always in my prayers making request, ifperhaps now at last by the will of God I may succeed in coming to you.

  • Paul really wants to go and see the Christians in Rome
  • Paul’s intercession for the churches - we must be a people of prayer!

11For I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be established;

  • He desired to see them for their good
  • He carried a grace - we all carry graces
    • there are things that God has designed us to carry and to distribute
    • we are stewards of the grace of God

12that is, that I may be encouraged together with you [while] among you, each of us by the other's faith, both yours and mine.

  • He also desired to receive from them the grace that they carried
  • ministry is ALWAYS a 2 way street
    • the minister pours out
    • he also receives
    • it is a relationship - a partnership
    • When brothers and sisters in Christ come together Jesus is there - powerful things take place

 13I do not wantyou to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far)so that I may obtain some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. 15So, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

  • Under obligation - a debtor
    • to Greeks and Jews - “The Wise” and “the foolish”
    • He felt he was called to make the most of every opportunity to preach the Gospel to every Gentile to whom he could preach it


Romans 1.2-5


Romans 1.2-5

2which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures,

  • God has been working and dreaming about this!
  • He has been planning and moving and speaking for thousands of years excited about saving you.
  • Amos 3:7 7Surely the Lord GOD does nothing Unless He reveals His secret counsel To His servants the prophets.
    • God always wants human agreement and partnership in everything he does
    • That is why he calls us to pray - your kingdom come, your will be done
    • God has not been able to keep the secret of his GREAT Plan from His friends!

3concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh,


4who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead,

  • Jesus resurrection is absolutely important
  • 1 Cor 15:13-14 13But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; 14and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.
  • If Jesus only forgave our sins but did not have power to defeat death then WE would be be looking forward to new life.  We would not be able to experience new life NOW.  His resurrection life released into us IS our new creation and OUR resurrection from the Dead

according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,

  • It was the Holy Spirit who raised Jesus from the Dead
  • He is the Holy Spirit - the Spirit of Holiness - He causes holiness - he makes us just like Jesus

5through whom we have received grace and apostleship

  • Jesus gives grace - 
    • Grace is underserved favor - not earned but given - unearnable
    • The power of God to
  • Apostleship - authority, power, position, platform

to bring about [the] obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name's sake,

  • The obedience of faith
    • This is the Christian life
    • faith produces obedience
      • belief produces action or it is not belief
      • faith is the pathway to righteousness
      • we believe God is who he says he is, we believe God does what he says he will do, we believe he is FOR us so we obey! - TRUSTING
    • Faith IS obedience 
      • John 6:29 Jesus answered and said to them, "This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He has sent."
      • Gal 5:6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything, but faith working through love.



Romans 1.1 - IMC Podcast


Romans 1.1 - IMC Podcast

The Impact Master's Commission Podcast is BACK!  We are going back to the book of Romans again this year.  Join us!

  1. Written by Paul in the middle of his third missionary journey - he was in Corinth on his way to Jerusalem - Acts 20
  2. Written to "those called by God to be saints". So all followers of Jesus in Rome.  There were multiple people there in Rom that Paul knew and had ministered to before but this letter was as much to those he had never met as it was to those he had met
  3. Written to Rome at this time because he had an associate going there - Phoebe
    1. To announce his plans to visit
    2.  Make a full theological treatise on the Gospel that Paul preached so that they would be able to discuss it when he arrived
    3. Possibly to unify the Jew and Gentile factions of the church in Rome

The Gospel Exalted

1Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus,

  • He begins with his credentials -
    • remember they have never met him before.  they will have heard of him for sure, but they had not met him.  This is his first impression with them.  Both Jew and Greek and he wants them to know EXACTLY who he is and how he feels about Himself.
    • bond-servant - Slave - a specific kind of slave known to both Jew and Greek alike
      • this particular kind of slavery was voluntary.  They had chosen to BONDED to the household - out of love.
    • of Christ Jesus
      • Who’s slave you are makes all the difference in the world
      • Christ - “anointed one” “Messiah” Christ is NOT Jesus last name it is His title.  His function.  He is the anointed one.
        • Given authority - Saul, David, the other kings were ALL “anointed ones” meaning they were the true king by the authority of God
          • this is why they called him “the king of the Jews"
        • In this day it had taken on another meaning - the messiah - the last days figure that would rescue Israel and raise them up to take over the world
          • many of Jesus followers believed he was exactly this kind of ruler - AND HE WILL BE

called [as] an apostle,

  • His master Jesus has given him a task
    • Jesus called the original 12 during his earthly ministry - Paul was called but not until after Jesus resurrection
  • an apostle - SENT ONE
    • Called to go - I was called to be sent
    • Carried authority and responsibility - authority in the kingdom cannot be parted from responsibility and servitude

set apart for the gospel of God,



Song of Songs Conclusion


4"You are as beautiful as Tirzah, my darling, As lovely as Jerusalem, As awesome as an army with banners.

5"Turn your eyes away from me, For they have confused me; Your hair is like a flock of goats That have descended from Gilead.

6"Your teeth are like a flock of ewes Which have come up from [their] washing, All of which bear twins, And not one among them has lost her young.

7"Your temples are like a slice of a pomegranate Behind your veil.

He knows her perfectly and he desires all that she is!


8"There are sixty queens and eighty concubines, And maidens without number;

9[But] my dove, my perfect one, is unique: She is her mother's only [daughter]; She is the pure [child] of the one who bore her.

  •  She is his Favorite one 
  • she is the one he has chosen

The maidens saw her and called her blessed, The queens and the concubines [also], and they praised her, [saying],

  • On the day of the Lord the earth will see the bride - the angels will see the bride - all creation will see her

10Who is this that grows like the dawn, As beautiful as the full moon, As pure as the sun, As awesome as an army with banners?'

  • Now she shines with HIS glory that is upon her!  Victorious and holy!


11"I went down to the orchard of nut trees To see the blossoms of the valley, To see whether the vine had budded [Or] the pomegranates had bloomed.

  • She has taken on his desire to see His people grow and become mature
  • Maturity is marked by a desire to see other’s mature - a taking on of HIS passions
  • Ministry that comes by a connection to His passion NOT as a desire for recognition or fulfillment or purpose

12"Before I was aware, my soul set me [Over] the chariots of my noble people."

  • Out of nowhere she is sucked into taking care of them
  • Her love for them puts her in a place or ministry toward them

13"Come back, come back, O Shulammite; Come back, come back, that we may gaze at you!" "Whyshould you gaze at the Shulammite, As at the dance of the two companies?

  • The two responses to her ministry
    • one group understands that she is the beloved of the King and they see in her what HE sees in her
    • the other group hates her - they make fun of her - why would you gaze at her?
      • being resisted is a part of the divine pattern of growing in love for Him

1"How beautiful are your feet in sandals, O prince's daughter! The curves of your hips are like jewels, The work of the hands of an artist.

2"Your navel is [like] a round goblet Which never lacks mixed wine; Your belly is like a heap of wheatFenced about with lilies.

3"Your two breasts are like two fawns, Twins of a gazelle.

4"Your neck is like a tower of ivory, Your eyes [like] the pools in Heshbon By the gate of Bath-rabbim; Your nose is like the tower of Lebanon, Which faces toward Damascus.

5"Your head crowns you like Carmel, And the flowing locks of your head are like purple threads; [The] kingis captivated by [your] tresses.

6"How beautiful and how delightful you are, [My] love, with [all] your charms!

7"Your stature is like a palm tree, And your breasts are [like its] clusters.

8"I said, 'I will climb the palm tree, I will take hold of its fruit stalks.' Oh, may your breasts be like clusters of the vine, And the fragrance of your breath like apples,

9And your mouth like the best wine!" "It goes [down] smoothly for my beloved, Flowing gently [through] the lips of those who fall asleep.

  • The king comes and reminder her that her ONE PASSION should be for HIM!
  • Her identity and her worth comes from her relationship with Him and His desire for her.
  • He is moved by her choices, her thought life,  her passion and sensitivity to him etc.


10"I am my beloved's, And his desire is for me.

  • This is where she lives
  • this is where she finds herself
  • ministry is about him and for him
  • all of her life is about this - she belongs to Him and He desires her


11"Come, my beloved, let us go out into the country, Let us spend the night in the villages.

12"Let us rise early [and go] to the vineyards; Let us see whether the vine has budded [And its] blossomshave opened, [And whether] the pomegranates have bloomed. There I will give you my love.

13"The mandrakes have given forth fragrance; And over our doors are all choice [fruits], Both new and old,Which I have saved up for you, my beloved.

  • Her life vision has come true - she travels with Him - she is doing what HE is doing
  • She is coming into maturity and she is being used to bring others to maturity

1"Oh that you were like a brother to me Who nursed at my mother's breasts. [If] I found you outdoors, I would kiss you; No one would despise me, either.2"I would lead you [and] bring you Into the house of my mother, who used to instruct me; I would give you spiced wine to drink from the juice of my pomegranates.3"Let his left hand be under my head And his right hand embrace me.” 4"I want you to swear, O daughters of Jerusalem, Do not arouse or awaken [my] love Until she pleases."

  • Her passion for him is not dimmed it has GROWN
    • that you were like a brother to me - she wishes she could express passion for him in the open without stirring the abuse of the bride.
  • Even though she has gone a long way - suffered many times - she only loves him more
  • The house of my mother - the honeymoon - She longs to stay connected to her first love in the midst of her maturity


5"Who is this coming up from the wilderness Leaning on her beloved?" "Beneath the apple tree I awakenedyou; There your mother was in labor with you, There she was in labor [and] gave you birth.

  • She has learned to lean on his strength in the midst of her difficult times
  • “I awakened you” - the desire she learned in the secret place awakens her to seek Him BEFORE he turns away
  • She has come a long way since she was first born to him

6"Put me like a seal over your heart, Like a seal on your arm. For love is as strong as death, Jealousy is as severe as Sheol; Its flashes are flashes of fire, The [very] flame of the LORD.

  • He says - yes things have changed but it is not enough
  • He says ask me for the seal of divine love - that she would love him with divine Holy Spirit enablement
    • a jealousy that is as demanding as the grave - nothing escapes it!
    • much MORE love than she has known
      • a love that cannot be diminished or destroyed
      • a love that continues to grow and burn deeper and further
  • The first commandment first place!!!
  • The seal on her heart - her passion, her emotions, her inner life
  • The seal on her arm - her outer life, all she does, all she accomplishes
    • touched by and marked by her love for him - it all smells like her love for Him
    • flows from her love for Him - her love for him is WHY she does what she does
    • is empowered by her love for Him

7"Many waters cannot quench love, Nor will rivers overflow it; If a man were to give all the riches of his house for love, It would be utterly despised."

  • This love cannot be quenched by any means
  • This love is worth more than anything else
    • the greatest thing you’ll ever learn is just to love and be loved in return


8"We have a little sister, And she has no breasts; What shall we do for our sister On the day when she is spoken for? 9"If she is a wall, We will build on her a battlement of silver; But if she is a door, We will barricade her with planks of cedar."

  • Now she turns to her sister - one who is about to undergo the journey that she has gone through and she pledges to help her
    • If she is a wall we will build her a battlement of silver - we will prepare her for battle
    • if she is a door we will barricade her - we will keep her safe
  • it is a promise to the daughters of jerusalem that she will do better than the watchmen who beat her.

10"I was a wall, and my breasts were like towers; Then I became in his eyes as one who finds peace.

  • She says “that was me” and now I am safe because of His love

11"Solomon had a vineyard at Baal-hamon; He entrusted the vineyard to caretakers. Each one was to bringa thousand [shekels] of silver for its fruit. 12"My very own vineyard is at my disposal; The thousand [shekels] are for you, Solomon, And two hundredare for those who take care of its fruit."

  • Solomon’s vineyard is used as an example
  • She says - my life and all I am is for YOU Jesus with honor for those who helped me find you
    • she shows honor even to those who beat her - I love this

13"O you who sit in the gardens, [My] companions are listening for your voice-- Let me hear it!"

  • The King now says - let me hear you calling for me again!
  • He sets her as an example to those who would learn to love him

14"Hurry, my beloved, And be like a gazelle or a young stag On the mountains of spices."

  • She calls to him once again.



Song of Songs Part 4


1"How beautiful you are, my darling, How beautiful you are! Your eyes are [like] doves behind your veil; Your hair is like a flock of goats That have descended from Mount Gilead.

  • Hear the voice of Jesus singing over you! - He desires you - that is reality - he finds you enjoyable - beautiful
  • Your eyes are like doves behind your veil - he sees the depths of her

2"Your teeth are like a flock of [newly] shorn ewes Which have come up from [their] washing, All of which bear twins, And not one among them has lost her young.3"Your lips are like a scarlet thread, And your mouth is lovely. Your temples are like a slice of a pomegranate Behind your veil.

4"Your neck is like the tower of David, Built with rows of stones On which are hung a thousand shields, All the round shieldsof the mighty men.

5"Your two breasts are like two fawns, Twins of a gazelle Which feed among the lilies.

  • There may be symbolic meanings here but I am not going into them now.  The point is that he knows every part of her.  He is familiar with everything about her AND HE ENJOYS every part of her.
    • we so often feel like there might be PART of us that God enjoys but that there are other realities in us he despises or wishes weren’t there.  Not the case.  He sees it all and he is delighted by it all.

6"Until the cool of the day When the shadows flee away, I will go my way to the mountain of myrrh And to the hill of frankincense.

  • The Lord comes to us to enjoy us.  He spends time thinking about us. He cherishes the time we spend together
  • the mountain of myrrh are our places of difficulty the hill of frankincense is our rejoicing.  In both our bad times and good he adores us and we bring him joy.
  • He is committed to encounter us in every moment of our lives, and to stay in that place of encounter as often and as long as we need Him there.

7"You are altogether beautiful, my darling, And there is no blemish in you.

  • We simply don’t believe he means this - how can he say that when we are so flawed???  
  • Again he is speaking of how HE SEES us, and He is not deluded.  He sees all of us, the end and the beginning and all of it in between
    • he loves the journey we are on
    • he loves the yes we are giving Him now
    • He knows his own power and ability to bring us to the end
      • Jude 1:24 - Now to him who is able to keep you from stumbling and to present you blameless before the presence of his glory with great joy,
      • Col 1:22 - he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him,
      • See the now and the not yet in these two verses - we are made perfect NOW - we are kept and moving forward until the end.


8"[Come] with me from Lebanon, [my] bride, May you come with me from Lebanon. Journey down from the summit of Amana,From the summit of Senir and Hermon, From the dens of lions, From the mountains of leopards.

  • Here it is again - the call of the Bridegroom to adventure - to move forward to all he knows we are capable of!




9"You have made my heart beat faster, my sister, [my] bride; You have made my heart beat faster with a single [glance] of your eyes, With a single strand of your necklace.

  • WHAT? I have stirred the emotions of Him?  The Gen 1 God.  The bigger than the universe God?  My attention.  The gaze of my heart stirs the heart of the uncreated - help me believe this


10"How beautiful is your love, my sister, [my] bride! How much better is your love than wine, And the fragrance of your oilsThan all [kinds] of spices!

  • All things that are enjoyable -  my love is better - the overflows of my heart delight him.  He is 


11"Your lips, [my] bride, drip honey; Honey and milk are under your tongue, And the fragrance of your garments is like the fragrance of Lebanon.

  • The fruit of my lips - my songs  - my prayers - they are sweet and refreshing to him - Lebanon was known for its cedar trees - the pine smell

12"A garden locked is my sister, [my] bride, A rock garden locked, a spring sealed up.

  • ONLY for Him.  All my delights are ONLY for Him

13"Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates With choice fruits, henna with nard plants,

14Nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, With all the trees of frankincense, Myrrh and aloes, along with all the finestspices.

15"[You are] a garden spring, A well of fresh water, And streams [flowing] from Lebanon."

  • All of the treasures of my heart belong to Him and him alone


16"Awake, O north [wind], And come, [wind of] the south; Make my garden breathe out [fragrance], Let its spices be waftedabroad. May my beloved come into his garden And eat its choice fruits!"

  • A call to the Holy Spirit - bring me Jesus!  If he is delighted by me let me delight him. Let him kiss me.
  • A promise - no matter what is coming I am his! 
  • A statement of understanding and trust that no matter what we go through He will enjoy me!  NOT ONLY THAT - He will use all the circumstances of my life to make Himself known to me and to bring me closer to Him and to make me more fruitful I TRUST HIM!!!

1"I have come into my garden, my sister, [my] bride; I have gathered my myrrh along with my balsam. I have eaten my honeycomb and my honey; I have drunk my wine and my milk. Eat, friends; Drink and imbibe deeply, O lovers."

  • He responds to her promise and her faith and encounters her again 
  • she is encouraged to take full advantage of this moment because her call of faith is propelling her into another season of stretching


2"I was asleep but my heart was awake. A voice! My beloved was knocking: 'Open to me, my sister, my darling, My dove, my perfect one! For my head is drenched with dew, My locks with the damp of the night.'

  • Once again he comes to her as she is in the place of encounter but He is no longer there
  • She does not expect him


3"I have taken off my dress, How can I put it on [again]? I have washed my feet, How can I dirty them [again]?

  • She is not prepared for him -
  • she is hesitant to move from this place again


4"My beloved extended his hand through the opening, And my feelings were aroused for him.

  • He is reaching for her - calling for her!
    • He is “picking the lock of her heart"
    • Barnes - Put in his hand - Through (literally "from") the hole (of the lock), in order to raise the pins by which the bolt was fastened. The Oriental lock is a hollow piece of wood attached to the doorpost, into which a sliding-bolt is made to run. As soon as the bolt has been driven home a number of pins drop into holes prepared in it for their reception. To raise these pins, and so enable the bolt to be withdrawn, is to unfasten the lock. This is commonly done by means of the key (literally "opener"), but may often be accomplished by the fingers if dipped in paste or some other adhesive substance. For such a purpose the beloved inserts his fingers here anointed with the costly unguent, which will presently distil on those of the bride when she rises to open to him.
  • His calling STIRS her to move and change - to seek.


5"I arose to open to my beloved; And my hands dripped with myrrh, And my fingers with liquid myrrh, On the handles of the bolt.

  • she awakes - she gets up and moves
  • she encounters the very thing that he tried to use to get to her and because of it opening the door to him is harder than it was before
  • she tries but it is difficult


6"I opened to my beloved, But my beloved had turned away [and] had gone! My heart went out [to him] as he spoke. I searched for him but I did not find him; I called him but he did not answer me.

  • He is gone
  • She calls but he doesn’t answer she missed Him


7"The watchmen who make the rounds in the city found me, They struck me [and] wounded me; The guardsmen of the walls took away my shawl from me.

  • She does what she did before - but it only ends in pain
  • The very ones who were supposed to lead her to him - abuse her
    • wounded me - they were abusive and hurtful
    • took away my shawl - left me exposed and embarrassed


8"I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, If you find my beloved, As to what you will tell him: For I am lovesick."

  • Here is her response - I am lovesick!
  • Not angry.
  • Adversity stokes the fire of her love



9"What kind of beloved is your beloved, O most beautiful among women? What kind of beloved is your beloved, That thus you adjure us?"

  • When the church sees this they WONDER at her passion and she begins to instruct them - even from her place of pain.
  • Her place of pain has become her ministry


Admiration by the Bride

10"My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, Outstanding among ten thousand.

  • ruddy - his face is flushed with desire!!
  • more desirable than all things


11"His head is [like] gold, pure gold; His locks are [like] clusters of dates [And] black as a raven.

  • His leadership and wisdom is perfect and delightful


12"His eyes are like doves Beside streams of water, Bathed in milk, [And] reposed in [their] setting.

  • HIS EYES are like doves!!! He is single minded!!! Desirous of ME!


13"His cheeks are like a bed of balsam, Banks of sweet-scented herbs; His lips are lilies Dripping with liquidmyrrh.

  • His emotions are deeply satisfying
  • His word is the delight of my heart 


14"His hands are rods of gold Set with beryl; His abdomen is carved ivory Inlaid with sapphires.

  • His actions 
  • His motives and His emotions again she speaks about His heart - it is precious


15"His legs are pillars of alabaster Set on pedestals of pure gold; His appearance is like Lebanon Choiceas the cedars.

  • He is swift and powerful
  • He is immovable unchangeable, sturdy and strong
  • He is majestic and mysterious deeply alluring


16"His mouth is [full of] sweetness. And he is wholly desirable. This is my beloved and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem."

  • Again his WORD and the revelation of His word to her heart is sweet - delightful - WHOLLY DESIRABLE
    • the whole of him desires or delights
  • "Why should I endeavor to express His beauty piecemeal when He is in Himself and altogether the One longed-for, drawing all to love, compelling all to love, and inspiring with a longing (for His company) not only those who see, but also those who hear?” Theoderet


1"Where has your beloved gone, O most beautiful among women? Where has your beloved turned, That we may seek him with you?"

  • here it is! - that we may seek him with you!  Her passion stirs the passion of everyone around her!


2"My beloved has gone down to his garden, To the beds of balsam, To pasture [his flock] in the gardensAnd gather lilies.

3"I am my beloved's and my beloved is mine, He who pastures [his flock] among the lilies."

She realizes now that she knows where he is and that she can find him because he is waiting for her EXACTLY WHERE she asked him to be!  In the garden waiting for her.


4"You are as beautiful as Tirzah, my darling, As lovely as Jerusalem, As awesome as an army with banners.

He sees her beautiful as the royal city

As lovely as the chosen city

as “terrible” awe inspiring - and strong!! as an army with banners!

5"Turn your eyes away from me, For they have confused me; Your hair is like a flock of goats That have descended from Gilead.

This verse BLOWS MY CIRCUITS!!!! 



Song of Songs Part 3



8"Listen! My beloved! Behold, he is coming, Climbing on the mountains, Leaping on the hills!

  • Jesus overcoming every obstacle to our hearts
  • He has defeated all of our enemies to come for us and make us his own
  • All the distance between us and God has been removed by the love of Jesus

9"My beloved is like a gazelle or a young stag.

  • Fast
  • Never slipping or tiring
  • Powerful, wildly alive

Behold, he is standing behind our wall, He is lookingthrough the windows, He is peering through the lattice.

  • Do you feel Jesus doing this for your heart?  
  • Gazing longingly past all our defenses, past all our apathy, past all our fear, shame, and guilt past all we put in his way
  • His eyes like fire - burning for us
  • He is waiting for her. He desires her.
  • He comes when she does not expect him .
  • He is calling her out. He is standing there waiting for her. He is prepared for action and He wants a partner
  • He wants ALL of her.  He is jealous for her to become his 100%

gazing through the windows, -

  • Every point of entry to her life He will use to influence her to come out. He is revealing Himself to her as much as He can to entice her out. He wants her with Him but she won’t come.

looking through the lattice. –

  • He is looking through the bars of our self created prison. He is the one that put us here but we have the choice to come out or not.

10"My beloved responded and said to me, 'Arise, my darling, my beautiful one, And come along.

  • Leave your place of comfort and jump over the mountains with me
  • He has displayed His wildness and power to her and now He invites her INTO IT.  To JOIN him
  • Come with me to walk on the water and do the impossible
    • she asked for this!  Remember the bride’s desire from the beginning - let us run!  It goes beyond “let him kiss me” to now “let us run"

11For behold, the winter is past, The rain is over [and] gone.

12The flowers have [already] appeared in the land; The time has arrived for pruning [the vines], And the voice of the turtledove has been heard in our land.

  • I have removed the barriers
  • I have shifted the season
  • It is time for us to move from one place in this relationship to another.  The season of “sitting under the apple tree” is over.  

13The fig tree has ripened its figs, And the vines in blossom have given forth [their] fragrance. Arise, my darling, my beautiful one, And come along!'"

  • He calls her at the beginning time - the time of planting - the time of new things
  • He calls her NOT BECAUSE SHE IS NOT ENOUGH - he says “my beautiful one” - this isn’t a call based on what she is not - this is a call because of her potential:
    • he is calling her to the destiny he created her for - HIS DREAM for Her
    • he is calling her to the destiny she desires! - HER DREAM for HERSELF

14"O my dove, in the clefts of the rock, In the secret place of the steep pathway, Let me see your form, Let me hear your voice; For your voice is sweet, And your form is lovely."

  • OH HEAR HIM SING THIS OVER YOU! - this is the honest expression of the emotion and desire of Jesus over you!
    • Let me see your form - your face
    • Let me hear your voice
    • they delight me!!!
  • she has lived in the secret place - he loves that about her - he loves the intimacy they have had
  • That intimacy is exactly WHY she is ready (according to his estimation) to run with Him.
    • Intimacy creates authority
  • NOW however he has left the place of intimacy in order to draw her out
    • His desire for her has not changed
    • His desire for the CONTEXT of their intimacy HAS changed
      • He doesn’t give HIS heart in pieces - but we do ours...

15"Catch the foxes for us, The little foxes that are ruining the vineyards, While our vineyards are in blossom."

  • There are small places - little things that she has not given Him
  • There are still levels of love she is not prepared to give
  • This is an important season where the little things must be attended to or fruitfulness (destiny) will be lost.

16"My beloved is mine, and I am his; He pastures [his flock] among the lilies.17"Until the cool of the day when the shadows flee away, Turn, my beloved, and be like a gazelle Or a young stag on the mountains of Bether."



Song of Songs Part 2

II. The Mystery of Grace (SONG 1:5-11)

5"I am black but lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, Like the tents of Kedar, Like the curtains of Solomon.

  • I am very dark - she says to him.  I am dark like the tents of Kedar - as we first begin to approach the king we begin to understand that we are sinful and filthy.  We understand that, though we DESIRE HIM we do not DESERVE Him - we stumble, we screw up, we CANNOT make ourselves worthy of Him
    • spiritual immaturity is NOT the SAME as rebellion
  • Our response to our own ugliness is huge
    • do we run to him and receive forgiveness
    • do we punish ourselves until we feel better?
  • I am dark daughters of Jerusalem - she is not speaking to the King.  She is speaking to those who look on with amazement at his acceptance of her and she is speaking to herself!  She is saying “YES!  I will admit that he should not be choosing me, but He calls me lovely! He MAKES me lovely!
  • Dark like the tents of Kedar - lovely like the curtains of Solomon.  Ugly because of the mark of sin, but made beautiful because I am His dwelling place.  I CAN call myself beautiful because He HAS MADE ME BEAUTIFUL!!!!!
  • The strongest longing in the human heart is the longing to be enjoyed by God - he does not just tolerate us, or put up with us.
    • We are delighted in by God, he takes pleasure in our 
    • confidence in love - I honestly believe that he adores me - I honestly believe that my love moves His heart

6"Do not stare at me because I am swarthy, For the sun has burned me. My mother's sons were angry with me; They made me caretaker of the vineyards, [But] I have not taken care of my own vineyard.

  • YES I AM dark - but in Him I am lovely...  I am the loved failure, the forgiven sinner, the justified!  Ezekiel 16:14 14 And uyour renown went forth among the nations because of your beauty, for it was perfect through the splendor that I had bestowed on you, declares the Lord God. 
  • She is embarrassed by her darkness.  She does not wish to be seen by others.  She is making excuses. - She knows He says she is beautiful but she has once again listened to the opinion of man.  She has once again allowed the sideways view to overtake her.  She is not receiving her identity from His love but from those around her and she begins to make excuses for her darkness.
  • She blames the work of the Lord for her darkness now.  her duty, her “calling” has destroyed her.  She is not the problem “the church” is and it has made her forget what he has done for her.  She is bitter toward her brother’s in Christ and beginning to be bitter toward the Lord. Hear the cynicism and anger in her next utterance! vs 7 which is directed toward the Lord Himself.

7"Tell me, O you whom my soul loves, Where do you pasture [your flock], Where do you make [it] lie downat noon? For why should I be like one who veils herself Beside the flocks of your companions?"

  • Oh she is not happy!  Where is this satisfaction you promised?  Where is the rest?  Why do I feel like a stranger an outsider?  One who does not belong here?  She is asking probing questions.  How did I get lost if I am your “beloved”?  How did I get so far away and WHY didn’t I know where you were going?
  • She does the RIGHT THING!  - she goes back to the FIRST CRY - Let Him Kiss Me! - she returns to the desire that brought her to him in the first place
  • all of this arises from her turning away from His declaration of loveliness to what others had spoken of her.  She let them define her and what it was she was supposed to be doing and she lost Him!  Now she is lost, broken, bitter, and alone, but HE is gracious!

Solomon, the Lover, Speaks

8"If you yourself do not know, Most beautiful among women, Go forth on the trail of the flock And pastureyour young goats By the tents of the shepherds.

  • If you yourSELF do not know -
    • this is about YOU and HIM
    • Good teachers cannot give it to you
    • fervent work in the kingdom cannot do it
    • you have to know HIM in the depth of who you are 
  • O most beautiful among women - I love it!  He says to her. “remember that I have called you beautiful!  Remember your identity with me and come and rest among my people. 
    • All of the labor that you have expended to try and make yourself beautiful for me has done nothing but wear you out. 
    • Feed those around you by leading them to me and both of you rest, here among the dwellings of those who have stayed close to me.” 
  • He calls her back to the fellowship which she blames for her lostness, and back to submission to His ways, and His leadership.  THERE will she find rest and satisfaction! 
  • There is something so important about the body of Christ!  Something so vital!  To find Him we have to hang with THEM.  It is often our unforgiveness andanger with the church that takes us away from Jesus.

9"To me, my darling, you are like My mare among the chariots of Pharaoh.

  • Mares were not used to pull Pharaohs chariots!  He is saying that when he sees her all others women look like men.  She is His one and only.  His chosen one.  He has eyes for only her. 
  • I do not have you in my heart because you are my workhorse
  • I chose you to delight in you and for YOU to delight in me!

10"Your cheeks are lovely with ornaments, Your neck with strings of beads."

  • He has MADE her beautiful - Psalm 149:4 “For the Lord takes pleasure in his people; he adorns the humble with salvation.
  • your cheeks - speak of her emotions - blushing etc - she has learned to hear Him and align her emotional state with His reality
  • He causes his people to see her beauty and recognize who she is in him.

11"We will make for you ornaments of gold With beads of silver."



12"While the king was at his table, My perfume gave forth its fragrance.

  • He brings her in and is feeding her and adorning her with grace - worship is released - adoration for him is renewed and strengthened
  • She begins to understand how HE feels about HER and THAT releases the fragrance of worship, adoration

13"My beloved is to me a pouch of myrrh Which lies all night between my breasts.

  • Myrrh is symbolic of death - His cross and the fragrance of his cross is in your nose all day and all night.
  • we sit in the cross - we think on it - we consider it - chew on the cross
  • the myrrh they wore would be their perfume - the cross' fragrance marks us

14"My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blossoms In the vineyards of Engedi."

  • a truly delightful refreshing fragrance
  • he is so refreshing
  • he is so delightful!
  • we should ENJOY GOD!!!

15"How beautiful you are, my darling, How beautiful you are! Your eyes are [like] doves."

  • He RESPONDS to our worship
  • as we enjoy HIM HE enjoys US! 
  • he states again how he feels about us.
  • your eyes are like doves - single focus - one desire - single minded

16"How handsome you are, my beloved, [And] so pleasant! Indeed, our couch is luxuriant!17"The beams of our houses are cedars, Our rafters, cypresses.

  • His pleasure in us fans the flame of our passion for HIM!
  • If you want to love Jesus just begin to seek to experience HIS love and pleasure in you!
  • enjoying him and being enjoyed by him is the pathway to intimacy and satisfaction

The Bride’s Admiration

1"I am the rose of Sharon, The lily of the valleys."

  • She begins to believe that she IS who he has said she is!!

2"Like a lily among the thorns, So is my darling among the maidens."

  • Like a lily among the thorns so is my darling among the maidens
    • He calls her delightful among the punishing.  enjoyable among the difficult.  He says to her - my delight is in you!
    • The Lord loves all those he created - but there is a special love he has for those who have opened to him - Look at the difference here between the soft open lily and the hardened and difficult thorns and brambles - Jesus said it was the poor in spirit who would inherit the kingdom - the meek who inherit the earth - Psalm 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
    • also note the productivity of the flower which is the part of the flower that is fertilized - that brings fruit in the fruit trees - her openness and vulnerability is beautiful and a pleasing fragrance before the Lord.
    • Look at what his simple statement of affection does to open her heart!!!! - 1 John 4:19 - we love him because he first loved us! 


3"Like an apple tree among the trees of the forest, So is my beloved among the young men. In his shade I took great delight and sat down, And his fruit was sweet to my taste.

  • Apples were an aphrodesiac.  The fragrance represented virility and health.  
    • his presence stirs her desire
    • He is fruitful.  He is beneficial
  • Being with him is a place of comfort, shelter, protection, peace, and pleasure

4"He has brought me to [his] banquet hall, And his banner over me is love.

  • the house of wine
  • In the Hebrew it literally means house of wine 
    • An upper room where all his treasure is kept Clarke
    • Esther took he king to the house of wine
  • His banner over me is love
    • His eternal declaration over us is his love for us.
    • We wear on our heads a declaration of love
  • he lets everyone know that I am His beloved
    • Unreserved, unrestrained

      Your love is wild, Your love is wild for me

      It isn’t shy, it’s unashamed

      Your love is proud to be seen with me

    • Uncontrolled, un-contained

      Your love is a fire burning bright for me

      It’s not just a spark, it’s not just a flame

      Your love is a light, and all the world will see

      Your love’s not fractured

      It’s not a troubled mind

      It isn’t anxious, it’s not the restless kind

      Your love’s not passive

      It’s never disengaged

      It’s always present

      It hangs on every word we say

      Love keeps its promises, it keeps its word

      It honors what’s sacred, cause its vows are good

      Your love’s not broken

      It’s not insecure

      Your love’s not selfish, Your love is pure

5"Sustain me with raisin cakes, Refresh me with apples, Because I am lovesick.

  • Raisins are ANOTHER aphrodisiac
  • This is a request - give me the ability to love him MORE - to desire HIM MORE
  • I am LOVESICK - it’s TOO MUCH!!! - I CANNOT sustain this - 
    • Raisins and apples were given for stamina in love making
    • This is the call of the bride to love him more - to be able to
    • She is asking for the grace to stand under his outpouring of love for her
    6His left hand is under my head,
    and his right hand embraces me!
    • Uh... I think you know what is happening here.  
    • Intimacy - 
    7I adjure you,c O daughters of Jerusalem,
    by the gazelles or the does of the field,
    that you not stir up or awaken love
    until it pleases.
    • A comment to the young virgin about loving inappropriately
    • This love demands everything don't ask for it until you are ready to become consumed by its fire

6"Let his left hand be under my head And his right hand embrace me.” 7"I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, By the gazelles or by the hinds of the field, That you do not arouse or awaken [my] love Until she pleases."