Sermon on the Mount Episode 2 - Blessed are Those Who Mourn


Sermon on the Mount Episode 2 - Blessed are Those Who Mourn

  1. Mourning because of our brokenness and failure - not being ok with staying the same
    • which leads to repentance
    • which leads to dependance on God
    • which leads us back to poverty of spirit - the deep down understanding that we without Christ we can do nothing!
      • John 15:5 5I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing.
  2. Mourning out of pain and loss
    • We are so convinced that it is important that we are impregnable impervious
      • we refuse to mourn -
      • we put on a smile -
      • we distract ourselves.
      • we ask people not to tell anyone.
    • Pain is a friend - pain is a treasure -  
      • as we turn to the Lord and His great promises - 
        • Romans 8:28 - 
      • as we turn to one another and we are encouraged 
  3. BECAUSE we will be comforted -
    • there are those who refuse to be comforted - the whole world is falling apart!
      • They refuse to receive hope and help
      • they refuse good advice
      • It will never get any better...
    • When we weep with the one who can do all things we know that our weeping will come to an end! - BECAUSE of HIM


Sermon on the Mount


Sermon on the Mount

What was it Jesus was doing here?  How do we read / Hear this sermon? - 

17"Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18"For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. 19"Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others [to do] the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches [them], he shall be calledgreat in the kingdom of heaven.

20"For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses [that] of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enterthe kingdom of heaven.


He is rewriting the law in the ears of his hearers.  Rewriting it the way it was originally meant to be read and heard.  He is giving us our interpretive key for the Old Testament.  He is unlearning them the things they had heard and understood from their culture and from their rabbis.  


The Sermon on the Mount; The Beatitudes

1When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on the mountain; and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him. 2He opened His mouth and [began] to teach them, saying,

3"Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

  • Lets start at the beginning - Lets get one thing straight
    • Realize your poverty
    • You know nothing and have nothing to bring to the table.  You are compeletly wrong in the way you look at the world.  Start by taking every idea in your head and realizing it is worthless.
    • Our lives are a vapor - here one minute and gone the next
    • Anything we have came to us from God in the first place
    • Anything we do or make -
      • the ability to do that thing came from God 
      • because we are innately flawed and broken everything we do and or create is deeply flawed and broken as well
    • we have no ability to be righteous
    • we have no ability to be truly and deeply good because within our own attempts to be good there are motives which are selfish and broken.
    • happy are those who realize that they have nothing, God owes them nothing - they live in the full and constant knowledge of their spiritual, tangible and moral bankruptcy - we have a word for this attitude - Repentance 
  • Jesus is clearing the table - Don’t think you can add what I am saying to your store of spiritual knowledge - this isn’t a conversation - Joy will be found in the abandonment of all the stuff you have in your hands


  • Why are these people happy?????? - “for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven” - all of it.  The Kingdom belongs to those who know the truth about themselves - we have nothing - But God would give us everything!
    • Luke 18:16 But Jesus called for them, saying, "Permit the children to come to Me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these.
    • Luke 12:32 - Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen gladly to give you the kingdom.
    • Isaiah 57:15 - For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy, I dwell in the high and holy place: with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones
    • James 4:6 - But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.”
    • Psalm 14:6 - You would shame the plans of the poor,
  • It is only in this place of spiritual poverty that we can begin to receive from God - 
    • Only a cup that is empty can be filled
    • Only a student who knows nothing can learn everything
    • Matt 19:23-24 23And Jesus said to his disciples, “Truly, I say to you, only with difficulty will a rich person enter the kingdom of heaven. 24Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God.”
      • "the eye of a needle” - was the small “door-size” gate that was left open at night.  Camel’s could not get through it while carrying anything on their backs and even then they would be forced to get down on all thier knees and crawl.


  • The kingdom of heaven cannot be earned - It can only be given.
  • The kingdom of heaven can only be received by GRACE as a gift from God 
    • Gal 2:21I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousnessc were through the law, then Christ died for no purpose.
    • Rom 11:6 But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.
  • If you attempt to earn grace you will lose it - 


Philippians 2

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Philippians 2


  • The Lord takes us BEYOND love your neighbor as yourself - He goes to “Love each other even as I have loved you” John 13:34
  • Christus Exemplar - We are to mirror Him in this attitude - this understanding - this way of thinking
    • I want to love what you love - “I don’t want any thought in my head that wasn’t in His(God’s) first” Bill Johnson
  • Jesus deserves all honor - glory - obedience - worship - those are HIS by right - that was never important to Him
  • He did not consider the throne an end in itself
  • His POWER was a means to an end - Saving you.
  • He emptied Himself - of position - privilege - platform - rights - fame - honor
  • He became a servant
  • He became soil - humans from the humus
  • The sovereign - FREE one - be came obediant - even to death on the Cross
  • What right did the Romans have to prosecute God?
  • What right did the Jews have to bring accusation against God?
  • Still he became obedient
  • Even to the point of the most horrible death imaginable
  • Resist the urge to return to a success worshipping narrative
  • Servanthood became exalted
  • God’s way of love - the emptying of oneself - becomes the definition of rulership
  • The LACK of brute force - defeats the might makes right believers
  • Giving beats receiving
  • Mercy triumphs over judgement - James 2:13
  • Forgiving wins over accusation
  • Releasing crushes retribution
  • Reconciliation 

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Philippians 1 End of Chapter


Philippians 1 End of Chapter

  1. 27Only conduct yourselves in a manner worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you orremain absent, I will hear of you that you are standing firm in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel; 
    • When we conduct ourselves in a manner worthy of the Gospel:
      • "The gospel is not a thing of nothing; nor is it intended that it should exert no influence on its friends.” Barnes
      • it will gain a reputation - it will be noted and spoken of - “they noted these men had been with Jesus”
      • it will last - standing firm
      • it will be unified - in one spirit, with one mind
        • "he requires a twofold unity -- of spirit and soul. The first is, that we have like views; the second, that we be united in heart. For when these two terms are connected together, spiritus (spirit) denotes the understanding, while anima (soul) denotes the will. Farther, agreement of views comes first in order; and then from it springs union of inclination.” Calvin
        • thinking alike
        • feeling alike
        • sharing the same value system - CARING about one another
      • striving TOGTHER for the faith of the Gospel
        • we are all working hard (striving)
          • real effort to be given to learning to love God an love people
          • real work and effort expended in loving sacrificially - it is costly and has WORTH
            • caring for the body
            • reaching out to the lost
            • ministering to the hurt and broken
        • we are all working together
          • we do not do this work alone we do it AS A TRIBE
          • Jesus is working with us and through us by His Spirit
        • we are all working toward and out of our faith in the finished work of Jesus on the Cross
          • none of our work is toward being accepted by God but flows naturally and joyfully out of our state of being accepted.
          • None of our work is accomplished by our own strength but flows as we rely on the strength and power God supplies as we cooperate with what He is doing in the earth.
  2. 28in no way alarmed by [your] opponents-- which is a sign of destruction for them, but of salvation for you, and that [too], from God.
    • we are not afraid
    • our lack of fear speaks to them of their reason to be afraid
    • our lack of fear speaks to US of our sure confidence in God’s power and provision for us.
  3. 29For to you it has been granted for Christ's sake, not only to believein Him, but also to suffer for His sake,
    • it has been GRANTED - to show favor - this is the same root as the word for the spiritual gifts
      • suffering is a gift granted by Jesus.
  4. 30experiencing the same conflict which you saw in me, and now hear [to be] in me.


Philippians 1:18-26


Philippians 1:18-26

  1. 19for I know that this will turnout for my deliverance through your prayers and the provision of the Spirit of Jesus Christ,
  2. 20according to my earnest expectation and hope, that I will not be put to shame in anything, but [that] with all boldness, Christ will even now, as always, be exalted in my body, whether by life or by death.
    1. Here it is Paul’s highest desire.  Christ exalted
  3. 21For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain. 
    • One of those beautiful Pauline statements that I love so much
    • to live is Christ - to live is to give my life for His purpose here on earth and I love that
    • to die is to go be with Christ - I love that
  4. 22But if [I am] to live [on] in the flesh, this [will mean] fruitful laborfor me; and I do not know which to choose. 
    • Did God give him the choice? - that is entirely possible.
  5. 23But I am hard-pressed from both [directions], having the desire to depart and be with Christ, for [that] is very much better; 
    • He desires Heaven - honestly - he counts it better than this place:  Father teach me to love Heaven more than earth
      • is this what it looks like to store up treasure in Heaven - Jesus said that is where our heart would be - where our treasure is.
    • Heaven is desirable because it means being with Jesus
  6. 24yet to remain on in the flesh is more necessary for your sake.
    • His care for his churches is so deep he would choose suffering and difficulty if it means their good.
  7. 25Convinced of this, I know that I will remain and continue with you all for your progress and joy in the faith,
    • for your progress and joy in the faith - that is a beautiful description what ministry is to be aiming for.
    • progress brought about by chopping down what stands in the way! - hacking through the undergrowth to make a path forward
    • joy in the faith - we cannot forget that it is the desire of the Lord that we have joy in the faith! - are we working for the joy of our people to be grounded in and flowing powerfully out of FAITH in Christ?
  8. 26so that your proud confidence in me may abound in Christ Jesus through my coming to you again.
    • your boast in me - not sure how I feel about that.
    • I know I desire this.  I want to be a mentor people are grateful for.


Philippians 1:12-18


Philippians 1:12-18

  1. 11having been filled with the fruit of righteousnesswhich [comes] through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God.
    • that the gift of righteousness we have been given by Christ would be in obvious manifestation out of us.
    • a people who feel, think, act, and speak like Jesus all the time
    • that the WORLD would see, the angels would see, the heavenly powers would see, and know that God is glorious and praise Him
  2. 12Now I want you to know, brethren, that my circumstances have turned out for the greater progress of the gospel,
    • his circumstances are imprisonment as you can see in the next verse
    • but he is not upset about that - His aim is being reached - “greater progress of the gospel"
      • this is all he wants to see happen - it is the point of his entire life.
    • He is perhaps also telling the church that just because he is in prison does not mean that the grace and power of God have left Him
    • This is also where he wrote Ephesians, Colossians and obviously Philippians
  3. 13so that my imprisonment in [the cause of] Christ has become well known throughout the wholepraetorian guard and to everyone else,
    • His place of difficulty has become an opportunity for influence - this is always God’s plan
    • This is God’s doing NOT man's
  4. 14and that most of the brethren, trusting in the Lord because of my imprisonment, have far more courage to speak the word of God without fear.
    • HIs place of pain is a point of encouragement and motivation to those around him.
  5. 15Some, to be sure, are preachingChrist even from envy and strife, but some also from good will;
    • some were glad Paul was in prison so they no longer had to compete with him in the Gospel - wow that is so…. normal.
    • some are looking to his example and are seeing that:
      • They saw that Paul had joy in the midst of such a trial.
      • They saw that God would take care of Paul in such circumstances.
      • They saw that God could still use Paul even when he was imprisoned.
  6. 16the latter [do it] out of love, knowing that I am appointed for the defense of the gospel
    • those who are not competing with Paul know that he has a purpose and God is using his circumstance for that purpose
  7. 17the former proclaim Christ out of selfish ambition rather than from pure motives, thinking to cause me distress in my imprisonment.
    • it fascinates me that there were those who already were using the Gospel to propel themselves forward - God guard me!
  8. 18What then? Only that in every way, whether in pretense or in truth, Christ is proclaimed; and in this I rejoice. Yes, and I will rejoice,
    • He doesn’t even have anger for those who preach to serve themselves
    • He just wants to see the message go forward even through imperfect vessels
    • He rejoices because God will use anything he can use to further his purposes!
    • Paul chooses to rejoice in the Lord


Philippians 1:10-11


Philippians 1:10-11

  1. 10so that you may approve the things that are excellent, in order to be sincere and blameless until the day of Christ;
    • That Love born of experience and marked by clarity would be the fountainhead of the behavior and moral judgment of the body of Christ.
    • That We would LOVE what God Loves and HATE what HE hates
    • in order to be sincere - not fake - not hypocritical - REAL
    • blameless - not stumbling or causing to stumble
  2. 11having been filled with the fruit of righteousnesswhich [comes] through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God.
    • that the gift of righteousness we have been given by Christ would be in obvious manifestation out of us.
    • a people who feel, think, act, and speak like Jesus all the time
    • that the WORLD would see, the angels would see, the heavenly powers would see, and know that God is glorious and praise Him


Philippians 1:7-9


Philippians 1:7-9

  1. 7For it is only right for me to feel this way about you all, because I haveyou in my heart, since both in my imprisonment and in the defense and confirmation of the gospel, you all are partakers of grace with me.
    • I have you in my heart - again the close connection Paul has with this church is obvious
      • in my imprisonment - they sent Epaphroditis to minister to him Phili 2:25, 
      • they supported him financially
      • they helped him when he went before the courts to make defense of the gospel
    • "you all are partakers of grace” - These actions were evidence of grace at work in the lives of the people - and were a promise of future reward - a piece of Paul’s ministry was put on their ledger in heaven!
  2. 8For God is my witness, how I long for you all with the affection of Christ Jesus.
    • all the affection of Christ Jesus - literally the “bowels” or “inward parts" of Christ - The heart of Jesus for this church and these people had been put into Paul.  He carried the affections of Christ in his own heart!! OH Lord let this be my prayer!!! I want to love with YOUR love.
    • divine enablement to love supernaturally - yes Lord give me this grace!!
  3. 9And this I pray, that your love may abound still more and more in real knowledge and all discernment,
    • I love Paul’s prayers - He always prays for what is going on INSIDE his people. 
    • LOVE MAY ABOUND - this is love for Christ makes the most sense in this verse but love for Christ cannot stand alone.  It must be accompanied by love for men and Paul knew that so I think it is probably included.
      • The Word is agape - god’s own love poured into the human heart.
    • in real knowledge - epignosis - experiential knowledge - That we would KNOW God - that we would taste and smell and touch the living God and that experience of Him would birth fiery love in our hearts
    • Discernment - perception "which 'cuts through' hazy ethical (moral) matters to really 'size things up’ “ - this is the only place in scripture where this term is used
      • to know who God is without haziness
    • Love born of experience and marked by clarity


Philippians 1:1-6


Philippians 1:1-6

"Bishop Lightfoot observes: “The Epistle to the Philippians is not only the noblest reflection of Paul's personal character and spiritual illumination, his large sympathies, his womanly tenderness, his delicate courtesy, his frank independence, his entire devotion to the Master's service - but as a monument of the power of the Gospel it yields in importance to none of the apostolic writings.... To all ages of the Church - to our own especially - this epistle reads a great lesson. While we are expending our strength on theological definitions or ecclesiastical rules, it recalls us from these distractions to the very heart and center of the Gospel - the life of Christ and the life in Christ. Here is the meeting-point of all our differences, the healing of all our feuds, the true life alike of individuals and sects and churches; here doctrine and practice are wedded together; for here is the 'creed of creeds' involved in and arising out of the 'work of works.'” Vincent’s Word Studies commentary 

Written by Paul from Rome when he was in prison.  Approx 62AD 

Philipi was the place with the jail and the praise service earthquake which set Paul and Silas free. Acts 16

Phili 1

  1. Paul and Timothy - I love this. Timothy has risen through the ranks and now stands shoulder to shoulder with Paul - this is what mentoring is supposed to look like.
    • Servants of Christ - they are that.  Timothy was not an apostle. 
    • To all the saints at Philipi - the Capitol city of Macedonia - Paul always worked from influence outward to change a region.
      • “The church in Philippi was founded by Paul some eleven years before this letter, on his second missionary journey (Act 16:11-40). This was the first church established on the continent of Europe.”Guzik
    • To the overseers and deacons - he honors the structure of the church which must have been well established.
  2. Grace to you and Peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ
    • This greeting is so common.  So regular
    • Grace - a word including all those blessings that are applicable to Christians in common; denoting an ardent wish that all the mercies and favors of God for time and eternity, blended under the general name grace, may be conferred on them.
    • Peace - the state of freedom from war. As war conveys the idea of discord and numberless calamities and dangers, so peace is the opposite, and conveys the idea of concord, safety, and prosperity. Thus, to wish one peace was the same as to wish him all safety and prosperity
  3. I thank my God in every remembrance of you
    • wouldn’t it be nice if i felt that way about everybody I have ministered to!
    • This is the one church that Paul does not rebuke in scripture.  
  4. 4always offering prayer with joy in my every prayer for you all,
    • again his affection for the people of this church is obvious
    • prayer with joy - Paul often refers to praying for the churches that he planted.  Father teach me to pray for them as Paul did.
  5. 5in view of your participation in the gospel from the first day until now.
    • “participation” is "koinonia" or fellowship 
    • The Gospel creates community
    • the community the Gospel created at Phillipi made Paul joyful.  He loved the work of God among the people of this city
    • From the first until now - it began but it is not yet completed - see following verse
  6. 6[For I am] confident of this very thing, that He who began a goodwork in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.
    • confident - fully and firmly persuaded or convinced -  “the language of a man who has not doubt on the subject” Barnes
    • this church that Paul did not rebuke - Christ had not finished His work in them - He was working, and he will be faithful to complete it
    • God BEGAN the work in us - he is the originator and he is the worker.
    • God is working in us.  He has not stopped working and he will continue until it reaches its end. 
    • There is an end.  "The Image of the Son of God”  That’s the end!
    • “There shall be nothing lacking on God’s part to support you; and to make you wise, holy and happy; and bring you at last to his kingdom and glory” Clarke


IMC Bible Study Romans 8:10-17

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IMC Bible Study Romans 8:10-17

10If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11But ifthe Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.

  • This is the resurrection bomb I talked about before
  • The Spirit has been made alive and that influence of the Holy Spirit moves OUTWARD from our spirits eventually to our bodies
    • this includes good works and the fruit of the Spirit.

12So then, brethren, we are under obligation, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh--13for if you are living according to the flesh, you must die; but if by the Spirit you are putting to death the deeds of the body, you will live.

  • We are under obligation - we are debtors - 
    • Jesus died for us to give us this opportunity how dare we not choose to live by the gift He has given!
    • We are debtors COMPELLED to live by the Spirit of God - to rest in Him to LEAN INTO HIM!
    • Eph 4:30 "Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.”
    • Do you seek an active relationship with the Holy Spirit?
      • Do you speak to Him?
      • Do you involve Him in your every day?
    • Gal 5:25 "If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit.”
    • We ARE A PEOPLE Of the SPIRIT OF GOD!!!!
    • My Benny Hinn - “Anointing” experience 

 14For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, theseare sons of God. 

  • This is an incredibly massive point
  • Jesus was led by the Spirit
    • Into the desert - Matt 4:1
    • I do nothing of myself John 8

15For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, "Abba! Father!" 16The SpiritHimself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God,

  • This whole passage is incredibly powerful
    • Where the Spirit of the Lord is there is FREEDOM - 2 For 3:17
    • These are where the song comes from - I’m no longer a slave to fear - I am a child of God Gal 4:7
      • This is where the song comes from - "I’m no longer a slave to fear - I am a child of God"
    • Specifically here because we have been welcomed into the house of God - but not as slaves - AS SONS who have full and free access to all that belongs to Father 
  • “leading to fear” Slaves live in fear of their masters - 
    • this is not a relationship built on fear of punishment!!!! - soak that IN!!!!
    • This is a relationship based on God’s love FOR US!  His desire to give us all he has
      • Jesus said it in Luke 12:32 - "Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen gladly to give you the kingdom."
    • 1 John 4:18 - Perfect LOVE casts out fear
  • You have received a spirit of Adoption - The HOLY SPIRIT IS the SPIRIT OF ADOPTION
    • Pastor Don Gifford talks about when His grandkids were adopted
    • We have been declared a member of the family
  • By which we cry ABBA!!!!
    • The most infantile cry of DADA!!!  
    • The HOLY SPIRIT is the originator of the cry of ABBA in our hearts!  
      • Lean into the cry of ABBA - that is where the Holy Spirit is most at work within us!
    • the voice of the Holy Spirit signing over you day in an day out! - you are HIS!
    • YOU ARE LIKE HIM!!!!
    • GO to that place in your heart where God’s voice is singing over you about your SONSHIP that is the place you will find the Holy Spirit
    • the voice of the Spirit NEVER accuses - He never makes us think we are not God’s sons, He is singing the song of Sonship over us.

 17and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with [Him] so that we may also be glorifiedwith [Him].

  • Heirs - we inherit.
  • All God has is ours
  • We will suffer with Christ - we will also be glorified!


18For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 

  • Some of life is going to really suck! - understand that! - Some of Christ Suffering we are meant to share!
    • Death to the flesh is not painless or comfortable
    • being conformed to the image of the Son is not a quick or easy process but it is SO WORTH IT
    • The amount of suffering each of us is called to share and the form it will take differs from person to person
  • That pain and that difficulty is just so NOTHING when we hold it up against the glory that we will see revealed THROUGH US
    • there is a glory - talked about in the future verses - that will be revealed THROUGH US - by the work of God through Jesus and the power of the Holy Spirit in the church
    • God has put this glory into the believer right now. In heaven the glory will simply be revealed. "The glory will be revealed, not created. The implication is that it is already existent, but not apparent." (Morris)
    • Eph 3:10 "so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places."

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End of Romans 7 into Romans 8

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End of Romans 7 into Romans 8

14For we know that the Law is spiritual, but I am of flesh, sold into bondage to sin.

  • From here on out we run into controversy
  • I tend to believe this is a portion scripture in which Paul takes on the voice of a Jew before the Gospel and then in chapter 8 we see the power of the Gospel
  • Others like to teach that this is a description of the struggle of a person against their sinful nature.
  • I do not think you can read these next few verses and then the first few verses of Romans 8 and believe they were written by the same man.  
  • He begins this in verse 13 when he says “sin in order that it might be proved sinful etc”  Now he walks out that metaphor 

 15For what I am doing, I do not understand; for I am not practicing what I [would] like to [do], but I am doing the verything I hate. 16But if I do the very thing I do not want [to do], I agree with the Law, [confessing] that the Law is good. 17So now, no longer am I the one doing it, but sin which dwells in me. 18For I knowthat nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of the good [is] not. 19For the good that I want, I do not do, but I practice the very evil that I do not want.20But if I am doing the very thing I do not want, I am no longer the one doing it, but sin which dwellsin me.

  • The sin that dwelt in him was the one turning the law against him - He wanted to obey but could not  The law was no help.

21I find then the principle that evil is present in me, the one who wants to do good. 22For I joyfully concur with the law of God in the inner man, 23but I see a different law in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin which is in my members. 24Wretched man that I am! Who will set me free from the body of this death?


( 25Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! he breaks character here to answer the qeustion of his old self) So then, on the one hand I myself with my mind am serving the law of God, but on the other, with my flesh the law of sin.


  • This was his helpless state before the Gospel - now lets talk about what the Gospel WILL DO FOR HIM!!!

Chapter 8

Deliverance from Bondage

1Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. 

  • There is NOW no condemnation - the last part of chapter 7 was in the PAST this a description of Paul’s life NOW
  • Condemnation - to be condemned means destined for destruction - you are no longer condemned!!!

2For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death.

  • The “law” is in reference to a “system” a process.
  • We no longer labor under the inability of the old law / way / dispensation…(Greek - to parcel out - mode of operation) like law of gravity
  • The law(mode of operation) of the Spirit of life - the Holy Spirit!  The movement and power of the Holy Spirit Himself has set us free!  Never depersonalize this verse.  Never make it like the law of gravity - just some force at work in us NO this is the personal omnipotent God at work in us to set us free.

 3For what the Lawcould not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God [did]: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and [as an offering] for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh, 4so that the requirementof the Law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.

  • He set it up so that the law was confined to the flesh - we being joined with Jesus in death and resurrection are no longer "according to the flesh” we are a people “according to the Spirit” so the law has no power over us any more
  • The Law could not bend or change or help
  • So God did what the Law could never do - Jesus “passed the bar" fulfilled the requirements and took us with Him via the Spirit

 5For those who are according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who are according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. 6For the mind set on the flesh is death, but the mind set on the Spirit is life and peace,

  • those who are according to the flesh can only think fleshly thoughts - they are trapped in the old with no ability to even think like the one led by the Spirit - 
  • their mind is SET the word “set”is not there.  It says "the mind that is flesh” and “the mind that is Spirit”
  • This is revisited in Romans 12:2 when He says - "BE transformed by the renewing of you mind”
  • Mind set on the flesh is DEATH - it has no life in it and cannot have life because of the law
  • Mindset of the Spirit is LIFE AND PEACE
    • St Augustine "You have made us for yourself, O Lord, and our heart is restless until it rests in you.”

 7because the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able [to do so], 8and those who are in the flesh cannot please God.

  • Heb 11:6 - And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him.
  • They cannot please God because they are still connected to the old system.

9However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. 

  • We are filled with the Holy Spirit
  • It is by His power we overcome the law
  • If the Holy Spirit is not active and powerful inside of us then we are not saved.

10If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11But ifthe Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.

  • This is the resurrection bomb I talked about before
  • The Spirit has been made alive and that influence of the Holy Spirit moves OUTWARD from our spirits eventually to our bodies
    • this includes good works and the fruit of the Spirit.

1 Comment

IMC Bible Study End of Romans 5


IMC Bible Study End of Romans 5

12Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned-- 13for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.14Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.


  • Paul is trying to get to talk about how this free gift of salvation IS but he bumps the opposite real quick
  • Sin entered the world through Adam - and because of Sin DEATH also entered the world - and it infected the entire human race!  The brokenness spread from Adam and touch every other man until the NEW ADAM came.
  • Jesus HAD to be Human to save us - but he also had to be another “son of God” just as Adam was because he was to serve as the NEW Adam - the beginner of a restored race!
  • Sin may not have been known in the specific but its influence (through death) was still being seen in all the human race


15But the free gift is not like the transgression For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much moredid the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.


  • The sin that was brought into the world and the Gospel are NOT mirror opposites of one another.  The stand opposed but they are different
  • Adam’s sin brought death for all men
  • Jesus GIFT brings MUCH MORE than just a cancellation of that sin


 16The gift is not like [that which came] through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment [arose] from one[transgression] resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift [arose] from many transgressions resulting in justification.


  • the sin of Adam was a singular sin
  • Jesus death on the cross eliminates BILLIONS OF SINS over BILLIONS of lives!


 17For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more thosewho receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, JesusChrist.


  • Sin and death reigned because of Adam’s sin
  • Because of Jesus Cross - righteousness will Reign
    • death is an ending a finality
    • righteousness is life and life more abundant!


18So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. 19For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. 20The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,21so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through JesusChrist our Lord.



IMC Romans 5:2-3

 2throughwhom also we have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand; and we exult in hope of the glory of God.

  • Jesus introduced us by faith into grace - IN WHICH WE NOW STAND
    • Grace is not the beginning of the Christian walk - Grace is all of it - every day - every moment is grace flowing from God into us -  
    • Grace is:
      • not a “free pass” so we aren’t punished when we are bad
      • Grace is any and every gift that comes from God
        • Not only can we not be saved by our works but we cannot recieve ANY of God’s gifts through works
        • God is not impressed with our attempts at DOING righteousness on our own
        • We must BE righteous as we receive it from Him every moment by grace
        • His gifts transform our inward parts - they change our appetites and our desires
      • The only way we can defeat the power of sin is Grace
      • Justification made us “just as if we never sinned” - and God’s grace continues forward it is our victory
        • we receive God’s nature as a gift by grace through faith
      • Access into the FAVOR of God
        • We have done more than escape punishment - we have obtained FAVOR
        • WE STAND as the FAVORITE of God - he really likes us - he seeks to do us good - he is eager and excited about giving us good gifts
      • BY FAITH - this is the only way to access God’s grace - we have to believe He exists and rewards those who earnestly seek Him - you have to believe and not doubt that God likes you - and is actively seeking your joy
        • God is employing all of his omnipotent strength in the past present and future to lead you into enjoying Him to the fullest and more and more forever - His Glory - Your Joy
      • AND BEYOND - Exult in the hope of His glory - We are being glorified - Transformed into his image as carriers of the glory of God.  The Lord has called us to REFLECT His beauty forever as the redeemed ones and the BRIDE of Christ.

 3And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings aboutperseverance; 4and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope; 5and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was givento us.

  • We exult in our tribulations - our troubles are NEVER about punishment
    • God punished our sin completely on Jesus cross and there is no punishment left for them
    • Now we are a people of the good news - even “bad news” is good news for us - because we have peace with God
    • He is now USING our pain and trial - even that which is a direct consequence of incorrect action by us - to lead us deeper into Himself - to teach us to receive grace and to trust Him


More Discussion and Romans 5:1


More Discussion and Romans 5:1

1Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,

  • This is unbelievably massive reality
  • God cannot abide sin - it is the cancer of the universe - 
    • God’s DNA which fills the universe now corrupted because of Sin - anything that Sin touches devalues the glory of God which is the purpose for which the universe was created
    • Sin is the anti-creation
  • I am a creator of sin - I have been my whole life - infested with it -  a carrier
    • Therefore God had set his wrath upon me
    • He loved me no question - but his wrath was set upon me because of my sin
  • NOW - I have been justified - made just as if I had never sinned - declared righteous by faith - 
    • I have peace with God - his wrath is not longer set upon me




Romans 4


Romans 4

Justification by Faith Evidenced in Old Testament

1What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found?


  • this is Paul’s master stroke - 
    • first he connects Jews and gentiles through sin
    • NOW he connects them via Faith
    • He goes back to Abraham the Father of all the Jews and reveal him to be a man of Faith not works


 2For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.


  • No part of salvation can glorify man. It has to be God that does it all
    • so that God can receive the Glory
    • So that no man can say he is above any other




  • Genesis 15:6
    • “Fear not Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be very great”.  I love the way God works Abram in this moment.  He uses his promise to stir Abram to request.  God want’s Abram to ask for a son.  God wants to give Abram a son.  God has already indirectly promised Abram he would have children, but he doesn’t come out directly and tell him that children were coming.  I believe this was another test of Abram’s knowledge of God’s character.  “Will Abram be bold enough and have enough faith to ask me for this?  Does Abram know me to be that generous?”  Abram was bold enough to ask and WOW did God respond!  “Look toward heaven and number the stars, if you are able to number them.”  then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be”. And he believed the Lord and he counted it to him as righteousness.”  (Gen 15:5-6)
      It was in this moment that Abram was counted righteous.  Faith rose up in Abram’s heart in response to the promise of God and grace was released.  Grace that changed the course of human history.  God and Abram then go through a ritual of covenant sacrifice that binds Abram and God together in this purpose.  Abram is given a vision of the captivity of his offspring in Egypt and God’s promise that they will be delivered.  This one moment of faith unleashed a promise of children, a promise of an inheritance of the land, a moment of prophetic revelation, and the deliverance of his offspring 400 years in the future.  Moses was called forth as a deliverer here in this moment of agreement with and faith in the promise of God.  Abram looked into the heart of Father God.  He saw the promise, he believed it, and out of this moment he and all his generations and eventually all of the families on the earth received it.
      How many promises are hidden in the heart of Abba that we have not loved Him enough or known Him enough to see?  How many things are kept in his generous heart because we have not looked past our insecurities and our failures and into his gracious and loving soul and believed that He just might be better than we thought he was? 
  • John 6:29 - Jesus answered and said to them, "This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He has sent."


 4Now to the one who works, his wage is not credited as a favor, but as what is due.


  • If you have earned your salvation -YOU receive the Glory - it is your due


 5But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness, 


  • to the one WHO DOES NOT WORK
  • but believes
  • in Him who justifies the ungodly - Our beautiful savior - the justifier of the ungodly
    • We put our trust in Him
    • We do not attempt to ADD anything
    • We simply receive His justification


6just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:




  • Check this - David Saw justification by faith 3000 years before Christ!  He saw that this was the way God was going to work
  • By FAITH
    • his lawless Deeds have been forgiven
    • his sins have been covered
    • the Lord will NOT take his sins into account


9Is this blessing then on the circumcised, or on the uncircumcised also? For we say, "FAITH WAS CREDITEDTO ABRAHAM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS." 10How then was it credited? While he was circumcised, oruncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised;


  • So IN Abraham the Jews and Greeks are made one
  • Here is a man who was not (yet) circumcised
  • Not a jew because there were no jews yet
  • Not saved by his works


 11and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them, 12and the fatherof circumcisionto thosewho not onlyare of the circumcision,but who alsofollowin the stepsof the faithof our fatherAbrahamwhich he had while uncircumcised.


  • Circumcision was a sign of what had already happened inside the man
  • God changed him first and the - “works” were simply a seal of the righteousness he had received as a gift
  • God did this in Abraham BEFORE he made the Hebrew Covenant so that the way could be made for both the children of Abraham AND any other who would have faith in God to save them in the future


13For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law,but through the righteousness of faith. 14For if those who are of the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified; 15for the Law brings about wrath, but where there is no law, there also is no violation.


  • It is either the law or faith it cannot be


16For this reason [it is] by faith, in order that [it may be] in accordance with grace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to all the descendants, not only to those who are of the Law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, 


  • This is what Jesus meant when he said “God can raise up descendants for Abraham from these stones
  • The descendants of Abraham are not only of His Blood - but of His Faith - men and women who carry the DNA of belief in a God who justifies the ungodly
    • So Abraham is our Father
    • Father Abraham had MANY sons - I am one of them and so are you!


17(as it is written, "A FATHER OF MANY NATIONS HAVE I MADE YOU") in the presence of Him whom he believed, [even] God, who gives life to the dead and calls into being that which does not exist.



 18In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become a father of many nations accordingto that which had been spoken, "SO SHALL YOUR DESCENDANTS BE.” 19Without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body, now as good as dead since he was about a hundred years old, and the deadness of Sarah's womb; 


  • He believed what God had said
  • Even though He looked at his own body and his wife’s and KNEW the truth that what God had promised was IMPOSSIBLE


20yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith,giving glory to God,


  • He did not waiver - He refused to doubt God’s promises


 21and being fully assured that what God had promised, He was able also to perform.


  • He trusted in the character and nature of God
  • If He SAID He would do it
    • then HE CAN
    • then HE WILL
  • This is the kind of person God can use to change the world!
    • William Carrey - “Expect great things from God. Attempt great things for God.”
      • He was the Father of the missionary movement that carries on to this day


22Therefore IT WAS ALSO CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS. 23Now not for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him, 24but for our sake also, to whom it will be credited, as those who believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25[He] who was delivered over because of our transgressions,and was raised because of our justification.


  • God began this in Abraham but it carries on to today - God put that in His word so we could follow Abraham’s example
  • This is a nice little couplet
    • He was given over for our transgressions and raised for our justification
    • He was punished and died because we were sinners - but he was raise from the Dead because he was the savior



Romans 3

1Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? 

2Greatin everyrespect.First of all,that they were entrustedwith the oraclesof God.

  • the Jewish people are God’s people - only the first of the beautiful things about what God has done for the Jewish people is that they are the ones He has chosen carry his revelation to mankind.  They were supposed to be His messengers
  • remember that is just point one - there is much more

 3What then? If some did not believe, their unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it?

  • The Jewish people did not do what God chose them to do - but that doesn’t mean God’s plan failed or that God’s faithfulness is nullified

4May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man [be found] a liar, as it is written, "THAT YOU MAY BE JUSTIFIED IN YOUR WORDS, AND PREVAIL WHEN YOU ARE JUDGED.”

  • This needs to be thought of when people talk about the church and use it as an argument against the gospel
    • i. "Should any man say that the promise of God had failed toward him, let him examine his heart and his ways, and he will find that hehas departed out of that way in which alone God could, consistent with his holiness and truth, fulfill the promise." (Clarke)
    • The general consensus of opinion is nothing to a Christian. He believes God's word, and he thinks more of that than of the universal opinion of men (Spurgeon)
  • No amount of human hypocrisy can stop God’s plan
  • no amount of human failure can keep the Lord from doing what he has chosen to do.
    • He knew they would disobey
    • He has it figured out

5But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? The God who inflictswrath is not unrighteous, is He? (I am speaking in human terms.)

  • Here is another point in his argument - So if God knew they were going to be unrighteous and he used that to glorify himself how can he judge them for being unrighteous?
  • It all came out good right?
  • How can God be mad?
  • it’s not fair.

 6May it never be! For otherwise, how will Godjudge the world? 7But if through my lie the truth of God abounded to His glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner? 8And why not [say] (as we are slanderously reported and as some claim that we say), "Let us do evilthat good may come "? Their condemnation is just.

  • Evil cannot be justified by God’s use of that evil to glorify himself.  God will do what God will do but we are called to obediance and worship

9What then? Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have already charged that both Jews and Greeks are allunder sin;

  • Even those who use this justification are not worse than us.  No one is better than annoying else










19Now we know that whatever the Law says, it speaks to those who are under the Law, so that every mouth may be closed and all the world may become accountable to God; 20because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law [comes] the knowledge of sin.

  • THIS is what the Law does - it can ONLY Accuse man and glorify God.  That is all it was meant to do.
  • The Law accuses those who have heard it and are bound to it - but those who have not heard it and are not bound to it still stand accused.
  • The POINT is the law cannot save - that is the purpose of this WHOLE discussion

Justification by Faith

21But now apart from the Law [the] righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,

  • apart from the law - without the law’s help and not through the power of the law.
  • the law and the prophets do bear WITNESS to this righteousness but it does not depend upon them!

 22even [the] righteousness of God

  • The law is a mirror of the righteousness of God
  • The Gospel is an extension of the righteousness of God - it is the REAL thing that the Law can only testify to.  It is the true character and nature of Jesus.  The law only measures it and says it is real it is an imprint.
    • your fingerprint can tell us that you are you but your identity does not derive from you finger print

 through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe;

  • Faith in Jesus is the way we receive this righteousness
  • John 6:29 - Jesus answered and said to them, "This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He has sent."

for there is no distinction; 23for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

  • No one is righteous - not Jew or Greek - or anyone else but God everyone else has fallen short.

24being justified as a gift by His gracethrough the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;

  • The ONLY way to receive the righteousness of God is
    • as a gift - unearned
    • by his Grace - for FREE
    • through Jesus redemption

25whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith.

  • God DISPLAYED Jesus publicly to all the earth, to all of Heaven
  • Propitiation
    • The mercy seat of God - the place on the ark between the cherubim where the blood was placed once a year - we are allowed to come close to Him
    • Expiate - to ATONE - to make amends - to appease.  God’s anger was quenched - God’s wrath was ended - all that stood against us was removed from the record

 [This was] to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed overthe sins previously committed;

  • He was showing himself to be righteous in forgiving all those he had forgiven

 26for the demonstration, [I say], of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

  • God has made it possible for himself to be both JUST AND FORGIVING simultaneously
    • Just because Sin cannot go unpunished
    • Forgiving because He has punished his son and not us.

27Where then is boasting? It is excluded.

  • How can ANYONE boast when they did not earn their righteousness they only received it as a gift from God?
  • No one can glory in this righteousness but Jesus himself who paid the whole price!

 By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith.

 28For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law.

  • Justified by faith
  • declared righteous
  • Just as if I never sinned

 29Or is God [the God] of Jews only? Is He not [the God] of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faithand the uncircumcised through faith is one.

  • For all people - in the righteousness that come from faith we are made one.  There is no difference.
  • The ground is level at the foot of the cross
  • equally condemned so that we might be equally REDEEMED!!!

31Do we then nullify the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law.

  • This is the big question!
  • Does this mean the law means nothing?  NOPE
  • If Jesus had to die to appease the law then obviously God cares about it
  • You have been saved UNTO righteousness not unto nothing.
  • The Gospel EMPOWERS us to go BEYOND the law and live out of love which is far greater than the law
  • "'Twas for my sins my dearest Lord.

    Hung on the cursed tree.

    And groan'd away his dying life,

    For thee, my soul, for thee.

    "O how I hate those lusts of mine.

    That crucified my Lord;

    Those sins that pierc'd and nail'd his flesh.

    Fast to the fatal wood.

    "Yes, my Redeemer, they shall die,

    My heart hath so decreed;

    Nor will I spare the guilty things.

    That made my Saviour bleed." 


Romans 2:1-5


Romans 2:1-5

1Therefore you have no excuse, everyone of you who passes judgment, for in that which you judge another, you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things.

  • This portion of scripture is Paul doing something he will do a few times in this book.  He is talking to a fictional jewish person.  One who is NOT YET SAVED.  The principals are true regardless but it helps to know what he is up to.
  • There is no human who has better standing before God than another - OTHER THAN CHRIST
  • we have no place to think ourselves more righteous than anyone else.

 2And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls upon those who practicesuch things. 3But do you suppose this, O man, when you pass judgment on those who practice such things and do the same [yourself], that you will escape the judgment of God?

  • He is just preaching Jesus - Luke 6 and Matt 7
    • take the plank out of your own eye FIRST
    • lets remember that we are just as sinful as anyone we would pass judgement on.

 4Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and tolerance and patience,not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?

  • Whatever God HAS shown us has come from the glorious kindness of God - not from our own worth.
  • And God has been exercising that goodness toward us in order to guide us to repentance - to change who we are.  Not to reinforce our thoughts about how WORTHY we are!
  • You do not receive blessing based on your righteousness you receive it because of GODS kindness.

 5But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,

  • If we live under the kindness of God for so long and stay the SAME we are making our punishment worse and worse
  • let every ounce of grace God pours into our hearts turn us and cause us to change the way we think about ourselves and about God - repent


Romans 1:20 The Attributes of God


Romans 1:20 The Attributes of God

19because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. 


  • That which is known about God EVIDENT (manifest, visible) WITHIN THEM
    • Every human being knows about God - more in vs 20
    • “within them” something about our the stamp of God’s own nature upon the human race
  • God MADE it evident to them - God is a God who REVEALS Himself
    • The Naked God


20For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternalpower and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 


  • Creation is God’s self-expression - “what has been made” the greek word is “poiema” which is where we get our word “poem” 
    • invisible attributes
      • the things which are eternally true about God
      • those dimensions of character and personality that make God - God - Here is a list from “the Knowledge of the Holy"
        • The self existence of God - He is the "I AM"
        • The Self sufficiency of God - Psalm 50:12 “If I were hungry, I would not tell you, for the world and its fullness are mine."
        • The Eternality of God - He is outside of time - he is every when.
        • God’s infinitude - Everything God is He is that infinitely
        • The Immutability of God  - He does not change
        • The Divine Omniscience - he knows everything - about all times and places
        • The Wisdom of God - he understands everything - he knows HOW it all works
        • The Divine Transcendence - he is beyond everything - nothing compares with him
        • God’s Omnipresence - he is everywhere all the time
        • The Faithfulness of God - He is always like himself - he never forgets or goes back on a promise
        • The Goodness of God - He is always good
        • The Justice of God - he is always just - that is not the same thing as “fair"
        • The Mercy of God - He delights in NOT doling out judgment
        • The Grace of God - He loves to give to those who do not deserve and cannot earn
        • The Love of God - He is wildly passionate about YOU to all of His extremes
        • The Holiness of God - He is perfectly holy and utterly without sin
        • The sovereignty of God - He is in control of all things all the time
    • eternal power
    • divine nature
      • He is God and WE are not
      • consider the gap between the fruit fly and the Arch Angel - the gap between God and the Arch Angel is infinitely larger than that.
  • Understood through what has been made
    • creation makes these things clear to us
    • our OWN EXISTENCE makes these things clear to us
    • you were built with an internal compass pointing you back to God
    • The ONLY thing that keeps us from being just like God is our own stubborn choice to ignore who and what we are.